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The Normal Aortic Valve Complex

  • Rebecca T. HahnEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The aortic valve (AV) complex involves the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), aortic annulus, AV leaflets, and the aortic root (to the sinotubular junction). Three-dimensional imaging studies have advanced our current understanding of the AV anatomy. Acquisition protocols and standardized imaging planes allow for more accurate descriptions of anatomy.

Keywords

Left ventricular outflow tract Aortic valve Aortic annulus Three-dimensional imaging 

Supplementary material

Video 12.1

Zoom acquisition of the aortic valve by transesophageal three-dimensional echocardiography (AVI 2178 kb)

Video 12.2

Volume rendering of the aortic complex with the left main coronary ostia (white arrow) (AVI 3046 kb)

Video 12.3

Volume rendering of the aortic valve seen from the aortic perspective (AVI 9562 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cardiology/Structural Heart and Valve CenterColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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