The Shallow Subsurface of Karst Systems: Review and Directions

  • Romane BerthelinEmail author
  • Andreas Hartmann
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Karst Science book series (AKS)


The shallow subsurface of karst systems (soil and epikarst) plays an important role in karst recharge processes. However, only a little research that directly characterized this zone has been conducted. In this paper, we review previous studies that focus on the soil and epikarst recharge processes, in particular on diffuse recharge processes. The literature is categorized by processes, methods and controlling factors, summarized in an overview table, and discussed in detail. Finally, new directions to advance research toward a better understanding of the hydrological dynamics in the karstic shallow subsurface are derived.


Soil Epikarst Recharge processes Review 



This work was funded by the Emmy Noether-Programme of the German Research Foundation (DFG; grant number HA 8113/1-1).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chair of Hydrological Modeling and Water ResourcesFreiburg UniversityFreiburg im BreisgauGermany
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of BristolBristolUK

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