Advertisement

Nonviolence Behaviour in the Workplace: Myth or Reality?

  • Ayatakshee Sarkar
  • Sasmita Palo
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Indian Management book series (PAIM)

Abstract

Ahimsa or nonviolence is a construct derived from Indian wisdom traditions normally associated with Gandhi’s ‘political weapon’ to free India from the colonial supremacy. Though the construct has nuances of politics, its roots are firmly established in philosophical and psychological dimensions. It is a construct we buried long past our independence, therefore inculcating it in our lives may not only seem phantasmagorical, forget associating it with the workplace, which is presumed to be economy-centric. In the past and even today, organisations have tried to look at conflict management, resolution and dealing with aggressive behaviours, looking only at the tip of the iceberg, but nonviolence interventions are not only preventive but also cost beneficial to the companies. The other need to study nonviolence behaviour is that it emphasises upon positive human values. It is believed that the triggers of violence can only be broken by nonviolence interventions, which are a need in today’s organisations and in overall world peace (Bhalerao and Kumar, Nonviolence at Workplace: Scale Development and Validation. Business Perspectives and Research 3 (1): 36–51, 2015). Rather than focusing on conflict resolution, organisations must strive to identify themselves with nonviolence culture in which the core values of compassion, empathy and forgiveness are embedded (Mayton, Nonviolence and Peace Psychology, 37. New York, NY: Springer, 2009). It is perceived that organisations high on spiritual climate can relate to such outcomes of compassion, empathy and forgiveness, thus predicting nonviolence behaviour at the workplace.

Keywords

Nonviolence behaviour Ahimsa Spirituality Conflict Workplace Spiritual climate 

References

  1. Bass, Bernard M., and B.J. Avolio. 1993. Transformational Leadership and Organizational Culture. Public Administration Quarterly 17: 112–122.Google Scholar
  2. Bhalerao, H., and S. Kumar. 2015. Nonviolence at Workplace: Scale Development and Validation. Business Perspectives and Research 3 (1): 36–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhawuk, D. 2011. Spirituality and Indian Psychology: Lessons from the Bhagavad-Gita. Springer Science & Business Media.Google Scholar
  4. Brenes, A.C. 1999. Peaceful Selfhood. Paper presented at the 6th International Symposium for Contributions of Psychology to Peace, July, San Jose, Costa Rica.Google Scholar
  5. Chodron, P. 2005. Start Where You are: How to Accept Yourself and Others. New Delhi: Element Books Ltd.Google Scholar
  6. Corner, P.D. 2009. Workplace Spirituality and Business Ethics: Insights from an Eastern Spiritual Tradition. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (3): 377–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. De Villiers, P.G. 2008. Towards a Spirituality of Peace. Acta Theologica 1 (1): 20–58.Google Scholar
  8. Desai, M. 1946. The Gita According to Gandhi. Ahmedabad: Navajivan Publishing House.Google Scholar
  9. Fleischman, P.R. 2002. The Buddha Taught Nonviolence Not Pacifism. Seattle, WA: Pariyatti Press.Google Scholar
  10. Gandhi, M., and S. Narayan. 1949. Selected Letters. Vol. 1. Navajivan Publishing House.Google Scholar
  11. George, V.A. 2008. Paths to the Divine: Ancient and Indian Philosophical Studies, Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change Series, IIB, Asia. Vol. 12. Washington, DC: The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy.Google Scholar
  12. Gier, N.F. 2004. The Virtue of Nonviolence: From Gautama to Gandhi. Suny Press.Google Scholar
  13. Jones, A.P., and L.R. James. 1979. Psychological Climate: Dimensions and Relationships of Individual and Aggregated Work Environment Perceptions. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance 23 (2): 201–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jurkiewicz, C.L., and R.A. Giacalone. 2004. A Values Framework for Measuring the Impact of Workplace Spirituality on Organizational Performance. Journal of Business Ethics 49 (2): 129–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kool, V.K., ed. 1990. Perspectives on Nonviolence. New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
  16. Kotter, J.P. 1995. Leading Change: Why Transformation Efforts Fail, 59–67. Ottawa: Communication Group.Google Scholar
  17. Kraft, K., ed. 1992. Inner Peace, World Peace: Essays on Buddhism and Nonviolence. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  18. Marlow, E., A. Nyamathi, W.T. Grajeda, N. Bailey, A. Weber, and J. Younger. 2012. Nonviolent Communication Training and Empathy in Male Parolees. Journal of Correctional Health Care 18 (1): 8–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mayton, D. 2009. Nonviolence and Peace Psychology. New York, NY: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mayton, D.M. 2001. Nonviolence Within Cultures of Peace: A Means and an Ends. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 7 (2): 143–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mayton, D.M., II, R. Diessner, and C.D. Granby. 1999. Nonviolence and Human Values: Empirical Support for Theoretical Relations. Peace and Conflict 2 (3): 245–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Prabhupāda, A.C.B.S. 2000. The Nectar of Devotion: The Complete Science of Bhakti-Yoga. New Delhi: Bhaktivedanta Book Trust.Google Scholar
  23. Richani, N. 2013. Systems of Violence: The Political Economy of War and Peace in Colombia. SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  24. Schwartz, M.S. 2005. Universal Moral Values for Corporate Codes of Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 59: 27–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sharma, C. 2003. A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.Google Scholar
  26. Sharp, G. 1979. Gandhi as Political Strategist. Boston, MA: Porter Sargent Books.Google Scholar
  27. Teixeira, B. 1987. Comments on Ahimsa (Nonviolence). The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology 19 (1): 1–17.Google Scholar
  28. Wall, J.A., Jr., J.B. Stark, and R.L. Standifer. 2001. Mediation: A Current Review and Theory Development. Journal of Conflict Resolution 45 (3): 370–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Walz, T., and H. Ritchie. 2000. Gandhian Principles in Social Work Practice: Ethics Revisited. Social Work 45 (3): 213–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ayatakshee Sarkar
    • 1
  • Sasmita Palo
    • 1
  1. 1.Tata Institute of Social SciencesMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations