Current State of Knowledge on Algae-Mediated Remediation of Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) from Wastewater

  • Ritu SinghEmail author
  • Monalisha Behera
  • Sanjeev Kumar
  • Anita Rani


Removal of increasing level of EDCs from wastewater has become a major concern nowadays. Since EDCs are known to cause interference in the activities of endocrine system of the body affecting almost all types of organisms including human beings, their removal from wastewater is of prime importance. Minimal growth requirements, broad spectrum of mechanisms and widespread occurrence make microalgae an economic and ecofriendly option for removal of EDCs from wastewater. Recent studies showed increased use of microalgae in removal of endocrine disruptors like 17β-estradiol, PAHs, PCBs, phenols and heavy metals. Among several parameters significant in an algal remediation process, strain selection is of prime importance, i.e. to select an alga with maximum capacity to treat the contaminants. This chapter reviewed recent literature pertaining to the application of microalgae for remediation of EDCs and various practical avenues of this technology in the area of wastewater treatment.


Endocrine-disrupting chemicals Wastewater treatment Personal care products Pharmaceuticals Algal remediation 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ritu Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Monalisha Behera
    • 1
  • Sanjeev Kumar
    • 2
  • Anita Rani
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceSchool of Earth Sciences, Central University of RajasthanAjmerIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental Sciences, School of Natural Resource ManagementCentral University of JharkhandRanchiIndia
  3. 3.Dyal Singh College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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