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Developing Designer Microalgae Consortia: A Suitable Approach to Sustainable Wastewater Treatment

  • Adi Nath
  • Kritika Dixit
  • Shanthy Sundaram
Chapter

Abstract

In the present investigation, the algal community and developed consortia in aquatic as well as terrestrial environments are shown to provide numerous genetic resources and vast biodiversity. Thus, microalgae consortia have the capability to provide biofuel, bioethanol, and bioactive products. The development of microalgae consortia has been widely evaluated for their unique role in greenhouse gas mitigation. The biomass production of microalgae consortia is less well studied, although microalgae consortia currently are significant in bioenergy and biofuel production. Global climate changes resulting from increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide could minimize carbon sequestration and mitigation by microalgae consortia. Developed microalgae consortia have a future role in carbon capture and cost-efficient industry demands. Microalgae consortia produce several products, such as chemicals, that can increase cost-effectiveness. Increase in production of edible algae has proved to be commercially viable, and using microalgae consortia for wastewater treatment is now feasible. In this chapter, we discuss the future demand of fuels and sustainable development approaches for industrial production, keeping in mind current environmental issues.

Keywords

Microalgae consortium Bioremediation Biofuel CO2 sequestration 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adi Nath
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kritika Dixit
    • 3
  • Shanthy Sundaram
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BotanyNehru Gram Bharati (Deemed University)AllahabadIndia
  2. 2.Centre of Biotechnology, University of AllahabadPrayagrajIndia
  3. 3.Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, DRDONew DelhiIndia

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