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Phycoremediation Technology: A Global prospective

  • Sumedha Nanda Sahu
  • Narendra Kumar Sahoo
  • Satya Narayana NaikEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Due to changed land use, population pressure, and consumption pattern, the pollution load on environment is posing threats to ecosystem health and human welfare. The need to search for environmental friendly cleanup techniques for removal or reduction of pollutants has brought phycoremediation into focus which is a global natural phenomenon in maintaining ecological balance. The agents of phycoremediation (micro- and macroalgae) have already been established for their remarkable capacity to detoxify/remove pollutants from environment along with providing a very good platform for production of food supplements, biofuels, and so on. Algae possess a number of desirable properties which help in sequestration of various pollutants from the environment. As a green technology for clean environment and the biomass production, phycoremediation can serve as an appropriate technology. In this chapter, an overview of algae-based bioremediation, its status, and challenges toward global sustainability have been discussed.

Keywords

Microalgae Nutrient removal Phycoremediation Heavy metals 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sumedha Nanda Sahu
    • 1
  • Narendra Kumar Sahoo
    • 1
  • Satya Narayana Naik
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Rural Development and TechnologyIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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