Microalgal Biotechnology Application Towards Environmental Sustainability
Many researches have been conducted to investigate the alternative source of energy from renewable sources and utilization of waste materials. Among which, microalgae, having wide range of environmental adaptability, represents a diverse group of microorganisms; hence, its application in biotechnology is among the scholars’ interest. Microalgae have the ability to store lipids and preserve the nutrients presented in the wastewater, which help in wastewater treatments. Besides, the algal biofuel production gained research interest in recent years. Among few important factors for the microalgal growth, proper presence of light and sufficient nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus are essential. Developing algae production would help to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by capturing CO2, and producing an alternative option for fossil fuels which could be valuable and sustainable. Hence, with growing interest and several analyses, this review discusses the key points in developing microalgal biotechnology toward sustainable development.
KeywordsMicroalgae Wastewater Environmental pollution Biofuel Bio methane
The authors wish to thank Ministry of Education Malaysia and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia for funding this study under the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) Vote Number R.K130000.7856.5F049. The first author is a researcher of Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) under the Post-Doctoral Fellowship Scheme (PDRU Grant) for the project: “Enhancing the Lipid Growth in Algae Cultivation for Biodiesel Production” (Vot No. Q. JJJ130000.21A2.03E95).
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