Commercial Potential of Phycoremediation of Wastewater: A Way Forward

  • Sudheer Kumar ShuklaEmail author
  • Prerana Pandey
  • Keunje Yoo


Wastewaters are a significant source of organic matter; however, they also contain some inorganic and non-biodegradable substances like oil, heavy metals, and other toxic chemicals. The methods which are conventionally used for the treatment primarily require huge land and energy and high operating costs. Phycoremediation is an alternative treatment approach which on one hand removes pollutants, like nitrate, phosphate, heavy metals, and other harmful chemicals; on the other hand, harvested microalgae can be used to produce various value-added products and energy. However, many conceptual, technological, and policy-related hurdles are to be crossed to make this technology economically viable and industrially sustainable. This chapter investigates the commercial potential of phycoremediation technology for wastewater treatment and its end products for various applications. This chapter also reviews various hindrances in the commercial application of the technology.



Algal Turf Scrubber


Blue-green algae


European Union


Govt. of India


Heavy metals


High-rate algal ponds


Hydrothermal liquefaction


Light-emitting diode


Monounsaturated fatty acids




Saturated fatty acids


Scripps Institution of Oceanography


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudheer Kumar Shukla
    • 1
    Email author
  • Prerana Pandey
    • 2
  • Keunje Yoo
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringNational University of Science and Technology MuscatMuscatOman
  2. 2.School of Energy and Environmental StudiesDevi Ahilya Vishwa VidyalayaIndoreIndia
  3. 3.Department of Earth and Environmental EngineeringColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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