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Women Scientists Who Made Nuclear Astrophysics

  • Christine V. HamptonEmail author
  • Maria Lugaro
  • Panagiota Papakonstantinou
  • P. Gina Isar
  • Birgitta Nordström
  • Nalan Özkan
  • Marialuisa Aliotta
  • Aleksandra Ćiprijanović
  • Sanjana Curtis
  • Marcella Di Criscienzo
  • Jacqueline den Hartogh
  • Andreea S. Font
  • Anu Kankainen
  • Chiaki Kobayashi
  • Claudia Lederer-Woods
  • Ewa Niemczura
  • Thomas Rauscher
  • Artemis Spyrou
  • Sophie Van Eck
  • Mariya Yavahchova
  • William Chantereau
  • Selma E. de Mink
  • Etienne A. Kaiser
  • Friedrich-Karl Thielemann
  • Claudia Travaglio
  • Aparna Venkatesan
  • Remo Collet
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 219)

Abstract

Female role models reduce the impact on women of stereotype threat, i.e., of being at risk of conforming to a negative stereotype about one’s social, gender, or racial group (Fine in Delusion of Gender. W.W. Norton & Co., NY, p. 36, 2010 [1]; Steele and Aronson in J Pers Soc Psychol 69:797–811, 1995 [2]). This can lead women scientists to underperform or to leave their scientific career because of negative stereotypes such as, not being as talented or as interested in science as men. Sadly, history rarely provides role models for women scientists; instead, it often renders these women invisible (CafeBabel Homepage [3]). In response to this situation, we present a selection of twelve outstanding women who helped to develop nuclear astrophysics.

Keywords

Women scientists Nuclear physics Astrophysics Radioactivity Fission Astronomy Cosmology Solar studies Historical 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by ChETEC Action (CA16117) which is supported by COST (www.cost.eu). COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) is a funding agency for research and innovation networks. The work of PP was supported by RISP/IBS, funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning and the National Research Foundation of Korea (2013M7A1A1075764). The work of PGI was supported by the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, CNCS/CCCDI-UEFISCDI, project numbers PN-III-P2-2.1-PED-2016-0339 and PN-III-P1-1-2-PCCDI-2017-0839 within PNCDI III.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christine V. Hampton
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Lugaro
    • 2
  • Panagiota Papakonstantinou
    • 3
  • P. Gina Isar
    • 4
  • Birgitta Nordström
    • 5
  • Nalan Özkan
    • 6
  • Marialuisa Aliotta
    • 7
  • Aleksandra Ćiprijanović
    • 8
  • Sanjana Curtis
    • 9
  • Marcella Di Criscienzo
    • 10
  • Jacqueline den Hartogh
    • 2
  • Andreea S. Font
    • 11
  • Anu Kankainen
    • 12
  • Chiaki Kobayashi
    • 13
  • Claudia Lederer-Woods
    • 7
  • Ewa Niemczura
    • 14
  • Thomas Rauscher
    • 13
    • 15
  • Artemis Spyrou
    • 16
  • Sophie Van Eck
    • 17
  • Mariya Yavahchova
    • 18
  • William Chantereau
    • 11
  • Selma E. de Mink
    • 19
  • Etienne A. Kaiser
    • 20
  • Friedrich-Karl Thielemann
    • 15
    • 21
  • Claudia Travaglio
    • 22
  • Aparna Venkatesan
    • 23
  • Remo Collet
    • 24
  1. 1.Hampton Consulting, LLCOkemosUSA
  2. 2.Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth SciencesHungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Rare Isotope Science ProjectInstitute for Basic ScienceDaejeonSouth Korea
  4. 4.Institute of Space ScienceBucharest-MagureleRomania
  5. 5.Niels Bohr InstituteCopenhagenDenmark
  6. 6.Department of PhysicsKocaeli UniversityUmuttepe, KocaeliTurkey
  7. 7.SUPA, School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  8. 8.Department of Astronomy, Faculty of MathematicsUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  9. 9.Department of PhysicsNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  10. 10.INAF—Osservatorio Di RomaRomeItaly
  11. 11.Astrophysics Research InstituteLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK
  12. 12.Department of PhysicsUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland
  13. 13.Centre for Astrophysics ResearchUniversity of HertfordshireHatfieldUK
  14. 14.University of WroclawWroclawPoland
  15. 15.Department of PhysicsUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  16. 16.NSCL/JINA-CEE, Department of Physics and AstronomyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  17. 17.Institut d’Astronomie et d’AstrophysiqueUniversité Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium
  18. 18.Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear EnergyBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  19. 19.Anton Pannekoek Institute for AstronomyUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  20. 20.Astrophysics GroupKeele UniversityKeeleUK
  21. 21.GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion ResearchDarmstadtGermany
  22. 22.Astrophysical Observatory TurinINFN-TurinTurinItaly
  23. 23.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  24. 24.Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and AstronomyAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark

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