Religious Pluralism, Interfaith Dialogue and Postwar Lebanon
In Lebanon, civil society organisations engaging youth in interreligious activity face a twofold challenge: how to build a rich, sustainable, socially engaged religious pluralism based on mutual empathy and trust among young people, and how to do so against a backdrop of often-ossified post-war identities, geographies and patterns of living. This chapter contributes to the academic literature on interreligious engagement in Lebanon by presenting a snapshot of the most recent youth work of two of the most active organisations in this area: Adyan and Dialogue for Life (DLR). We argue that these organizations help to build a third way between calls for the re-confessionalisation and de-confessionalisation of Lebanese politics. A challenge remains of how to translate values of emotionally engaged religious pluralism, cultivated in ‘spaces apart’ within civil society, into both everyday life in Lebanon and into the state’s institutions.
- Adyan Publication, The Tenth Year: 2016.Google Scholar
- Adyan, White paper, Freedom of Religion and Belief in the Framework of Civil-Religious and Christian-Muslim Dialogues, Beirut, June 2018.Google Scholar
- Asad, Talal. 1993. Genealogies of Religion: Disciplines and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Asad, Talal. 2003. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Barthes, Roland. 2009 (1972). Mythologies, trans. Annette Lavers. New York: Vintage Classics.Google Scholar
- Fakhoury, Tamirace. 2016. Youth Politics in Lebanon: A Call for Citizen Empowerment. SAHWA Policy Paper 9.Google Scholar
- Frayha, Nemer. 2009. The Negative Face of the Lebanese Education System. Available online at: http://www.Lebanonrenaissance.org/assets/Uploads/0-The-negative-face-of-the-Lebaneseeducation-system-by-Nmer-Frayha-2009.pdf.
- Harb, Mona. 2016. Assessing Youth Exclusion Through Discourse and Policy Analysis: The Case of Lebanon. Power2Youth Working Paper, No. 8: 1–30.Google Scholar
- Haugerød, Cecilie. 2011. Creating a New ‘We’: A Qualitative Study of Inter-religious Dialogue Among Young Adults in Lebanon. MA thesis, University of Oslo. https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/32855/Masteroppgave.Haugerxd.pdf?sequence=1. Accessed 15 Oct 2018.
- Hurd, Elizabeth Shakman. 2008. The Politics of Secularism in International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Khoury, Amal. 2007. Interfaith Dialogue in Lebanon. A Cornerstone for Healing and Overcoming Sectarian Divides. In Unity in Diversity: Interfaith Dialogue in the Middle East, ed. Mohammed Abu-Nimer, Amal Khoury, and Emily Welty, 95–140. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press.Google Scholar
- Larkin, Craig, and Olivia Midha. 2015. The Alawis of Tripoli: Identity, Violence and Urban Geopolitics. In The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant, ed. Michael Kerr and Craig Larkin. London: Hurst/Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Leirvik, Oddbjørn. 2006. Islam og Kristendom. Konflikt eller Dialog? Oslo: Pax Forlag.Google Scholar
- MARCH Lebanon website: https://www.marchlebanon.org/.
- Massey, Doreen. 1995. The Conceptualisation of Place. In A Place in the World: Places, Cultures and Globalisation, ed. Doreen Massey and Pat Jess. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Naylor, Ruth. 2015. Curriculum Development in Fragile States to Encourage Peace and Reduction of Conflict. CfBT Education Trust.Google Scholar
- Orsi, Robert A. 2005. Between Heaven and Earth: The Religious Worlds People Make and the Scholars Who Study Them. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Panchetti, Benedetta. 2017. The First Ever Lebanese Non-religious Marriage: An Ethnography from a Beirut Secular Setting. Urbanities—Journal of Urban Ethnography 7 (1): 63–78.Google Scholar
- Riis, Ole. 1999. Modes of Religious Pluralism Under Conditions of Globalisation. In Democracy and Human Rights in Multicultural Societies, ed. Matthias Koenig and Paul A. Guchteneire. Ashgate: UNESCO, 2007.Google Scholar
- Scheffler, Thomas. 2003. Interreligious Dialogue and Cultural Diplomacy in the Middle East. Paper presented at DAVO Congress, Hamburg. Available online: https://www.uibk.ac.at/plattform-wrg/vorlesungen/vorlesungen_seit_2004/text_gv_scheffler_dialogue_and_diplomacy.pdf.
- Scheffler, Thomas. 2007. Interreligious Dialogue and Peacebuilding. Die Friedens-Warte 82 (2/3): 173–187.Google Scholar
- Shuayb, Maha. 2007. Education: A Means for the Cohesion of the Lebanese Confessional Society. Breaking the Cycle: 167–195.Google Scholar
- Siddiqui, Mona. 2015. My Way: A Muslim’s Woman’s Journey. London: I.B. Tauris.Google Scholar
- Yassin, Nasser. 2012. Sects and the City: Understanding the Socio-spatial Perceptions and Practices of the Youth in Post-2005 Beirut. In Lebanon After the Cedar Revolution, ed. Michael Kerr and Are Knudsen. London: Hurst & Co.Google Scholar