Advertisement

Preaching to the Converted? Interfaith Dialogue vs. Interfaith Realities

  • Sarah L. Markiewicz
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Lived Religion and Societal Challenges book series (PSLRSC)

Abstract

Interfaith and intrafaith dialogue are increasingly being presented as viable options for addressing some of the tensions that emerge from the encounter of different faiths, having the potential to promote cohesive societies and bring people together. In this paper I want to present some reflections of my experiences with discourse at different levels of society in the Middle East, primarily in Jordan. My research has led to concerns about the potential effectiveness of top-down dialogue initiatives, specifically whether they are reaching their target audiences, or rather “preaching to the converted”. This paper will reflect on these issues and offer some suggestions for improving interfaith outreach.

References

  1. Abdullah II. 2005a. Excerpts from His Majesty King Abdullah II’s Remarks at Catholic University of America, September 13. http://www.kingabdullah.jo/index.php/en_US/speeches/view/id/59/videoDisplay/0.html. Accessed 29 Nov 2018.
  2. Abdullah II. 2005b. The Amman Interfaith Message, 2nd ed. Amman: The Royal Hashemite Court.Google Scholar
  3. Abdullah II. 2005c. King Abdullah II: “Iraq Is the Battleground—The West Against Iran”. Middle East Quarterly XII (2, Spring): 73–80. www.meforum.org/688/king-abdullah-ii-iraq-is-the-battleground.
  4. ADIC. 2018. ADIC History. http://www.adicinterfaith.org/history.html. Accessed 10 Dec 2018.
  5. Al-Shalabi, Jamal. 2017. The Amman Message: An Early Confrontation with Extremist Islamic Movements. In Muslim Identity in a Turbulent Age: Islamic Extremism and Western Islamophobia, ed. Mike Hardy et al., 133–150. London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley.Google Scholar
  6. Benedict XVI. 2006. Faith, Reason and the University: Memories and Reflections. www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/september/documents/hf_benxvi_spe_20060912_university-regensburg_en.html. Accessed 23 Oct 2018.
  7. bin Muhammad, Ghazi (ed.). 2006. True Islam and the Islamic Consensus on the Amman Message, 3rd ed. Amman: RABIIT.Google Scholar
  8. bin Muhammad, Ghazi. 2010. On ‘A Common Word Between Us and You’. In A Common Word: Muslims and Christians on Loving God and Neighbour, ed. Miroslav Volf et al., 3–17. Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans.Google Scholar
  9. bin Muhammad, Ghazi. 2011. Discussion with the Author [unpublished], September 14, Amman.Google Scholar
  10. British Council. 2007. Project Brief: Capacity Building of the Ministry of Awqaf, Islamic Affairs and Holy Places [unpublished].Google Scholar
  11. Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relations. 2018. The Amman Message Project. University of Coventry. http://www.coventry.ac.uk/research/research-directories/current-projects/2014/amman-message-project/ Accessed 29 Nov 2018.
  12. Cornille, Catherine. 2013. Introduction. In The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Inter-Religious Dialogue, ed. Catherine Cornille, xii–xvii. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley.Google Scholar
  13. Dabashi, Hamid. 2018. Muslim Cleansing: A Global Pandemic? Al Jazeera (Online). https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/muslim-cleansing-global-pandemic-181220084045168.html. Accessed 22 Dec 2018.
  14. Embassy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in Washington, DC. 2004. Jordan Issues the ‘Amman Message’ on Islam. News Release, November 9. www.jordanembassyus.org/new/pr/pr11092004.shtml. Accessed 29 Nov 2018.
  15. Fahy, John, and Jan-Jonathan Bock. 2018. Beyond Dialogue? Interfaith Engagement in Delhi, Doha and London. Cambridge: The Woolf Institute. https://www.woolf.cam.ac.uk/assets/imported/Beyond-Dialogue-Interfaith-Engagement-in-Delhi-Doha-and-London.pdf. Accessed 16 Dec 2018.
  16. Feldtkeller, Andreas. 1998. Die ‘Mutter der Kirchen’ im ‘Haus des Islam’: Gegenseitige Wahrnehmung von arabischen Christen und Muslimen im West- und Ostjordanland. N.F; 6. Erlangen: Verl. der Ev.-Luth. Mission.Google Scholar
  17. German Federal Foreign Office. 2016. Bericht der Bundesregierung zur weltweiten Lage der Religions- und Weltanschauungsfreiheit. www.auswaertiges-amt.de/blob/216938/e3f300e6a5a2edb947648d2d36f53609/berichtreligionsfreiheit-data.pdf. Accessed 29 Nov 2018.
  18. Gray, Matthew. 2010. Conspiracy Theories in the Arab World: Sources and Politics. Abingdon and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. The Clash of Civilizations? Foreign Affairs 72 (3, Summer): 22–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Interfaith Childhoods. 2018. https://www.interfaithchildhoods.com/. Accessed 16 Dec 2018.
  21. International Crisis Group. 2005. Jordan’s 9/11: Dealing with Jihadi Islamism. Middle East Report N°47, November 23. www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/eastern-mediterranean/jordan/jordans-911-dealing-jihadi-islamism. Accessed 29 Nov 2018.
  22. Kennedy, Philip. 2006. A Modern Introduction to Theology: New Questions for Old Beliefs. London and New York: I.B. Tauris. Google Scholar
  23. Khader, Bichara. 2016. Muslims in Europe: The Construction of a ‘Problem’. In The Search for Europe: Contrasting Approaches, 302–324. BBVA OpenMind Book 8. https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/BBVA-OpenMind-book-the-search-for-europe-contrasting-approaches-1.pdf. Accessed 27 Dec 2018.
  24. Kubow, Patricia K., and Lana Kreishan. 2014. Citizenship in a Hybrid State: Civic Curriculum in Jordan’s Education Reform for Knowledge Economy Era. Middle Eastern & African Journal of Educational Research 13: 4–20. http://www.majersite.org/issue13/13_1.pdf. Accessed 28 Dec 2018.
  25. Küng, Hans. 1990. Projekt Weltethos. Munich: Piper Verlag GmbH.Google Scholar
  26. Ladanan, Julie Ann. 2018. Tweet, November 20. https://twitter.com/julieladanan/status/1064901752556793858. Accessed 16 Dec 2018.
  27. Markiewicz, Sarah. 2016. World Peace Through Christian–Muslim Understanding: The Genesis and Fruits of the Open Letter ‘A Common Word Between Us and You’. Göttingen: V&R Unipress.Google Scholar
  28. Markiewicz, Sarah. 2017. The History of the Amman Message and the Promotion of the Amman Message Project. In Muslim Identity in a Turbulent Age: Islamic Extremism and Western Islamophobia, ed. Mike Hardy et al., 17–37. London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley.Google Scholar
  29. Nasr, S.V.R. 2000. European Colonialism and the Emergence of Modern Muslim States. In The Oxford History of Islam, ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies (Online). www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/book/islam-9780195107999/islam-9780195107999-chapter-13. Accessed 29 Nov 2018.
  30. Nakhouda, Sohail. 2008. The Significance of the Amman Message and the Common Word. Lecture, 4th Annual Ambassadors’ Forum. Amman, December 30.Google Scholar
  31. Parliament of the World’s Religions. Chicago, USA. 1893. https://parliamentofreligions.org/parliament/new-chicago-1893/new-chicago-1893. Accessed 29 Nov 2018.
  32. PEW Research Centre’s Forum on Religion & Public Life. 2012. The Global Religious Landscape. www.pewforum.org/2012/12/18/global-religious-landscape-exec/. Accessed 29 Nov 2018.
  33. RABIIT. 2008. The Amman Message. MABDA English Monograph Series 1. Amman: RISSC.Google Scholar
  34. RABIIT. 2012. A Common Word Between Us and You: 5-Year Anniversary Edition. MABDA English Monograph Series 20. Amman: RISSC.Google Scholar
  35. RIIFS. 2011. Concept Note, Grant Application Form. Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation [unpublished].Google Scholar
  36. Samir Khalil Samir, S.J. 2012. Discussion with the Author [unpublished], February 28, Beirut.Google Scholar
  37. Siddiqui, Ataullah. 1997. Christian–Muslim Dialogue in the Twentieth Century. London and New York: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Siebenrock, Roman A. 2005. Theologischer Kommentar zur Erklärung über die Haltung der Kirche zu den nichtchristlichen Religionen: Nostra Aetate. In Herders theologischer Kommentar zum Zweiten Vatikanischen Konzil, ed. Peter Hünermann et al., 595–693. Freiburg et al.: Herder.Google Scholar
  39. Shooman, Yasemin. 2014. »…weil ihre Kultur so ist«: Narrative des antimuslimischen Rassismus. Wetzlar: Transcript Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Theodorou, Angelina E. 2014. Key Findings About Growing Religious Hostilities Around the World. www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/01/17/key-findings-about-growing-religious-hostilities-around-the-world/. Accessed 1 Nov 2018.
  41. UN General Assembly. 1948. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (217 [III] A). Paris.Google Scholar
  42. United Nations, Meetings Coverage and Press Releases. 2005. Secretary-General Announces Launch of ‘Alliance of Civilizations’ Aimed at Bridging Divides Between Societies Exploited by Extremists. SG/SM/10004, July 14. www.un.org/press/en/2005/sgsm10004.doc.htm. Accessed 1 Dec 2018.
  43. United Nations Security Council Resolution 2242 [S/RES/2242]. 2015. www.un.org/ga/search/viewm_doc.asp?symbol = S/RES/2242(2015). Accessed 1 Nov 2018.
  44. Van Mol, C., and H. de Valk. 2016. Migration and Immigrants in Europe: A Historical and Demographic Perspective. In Integration Processes and Policies in Europe, ed. B. Garcés-Mascareñas and R. Penninx, 32–33. IMISCOE Research Series. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  45. Winter, Timothy. 2012. Discussion with the Author, July 26, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  46. World Interfaith Harmony Week. 2018. https://worldinterfaithharmonyweek.com. Accessed 29 Nov 2018.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah L. Markiewicz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Religious Studies and Intercultural TheologyHumboldt University of BerlinBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations