Breast Reconstruction with Myocutaneous Flaps

  • BBSG – Brazilian Breast Study Group


Breast reconstruction with myocutaneous flaps constitutes one of the most employed methods in breast repair surgery. They encompass techniques that enable partial or total reconstruction of the breast, being the unique option to correct large defects of the thoracic wall. On the other hand, this type of reconstruction provides great morbidity in the donor area, antagonistically to reconstructions with implants.


Breast reconstruction  Flap reconstruction  TRAM flap  Latissimus dorsi flap  Free flap 

Recommended Readings

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    Granzow JW, Levine JL, Chiu ES, Allen RJ. Breast reconstruction using perforator flaps. J Surg Oncol. 2006;94(6):441–54. Review encompassing all breast reconstruction techniques employing micro-surgical flaps, describing indications, contraindications and results. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Hartrampf C, Scheflan M, Black PW. Breast reconstruction with a transverse abdominal island flap. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1982;69:216–25. Traditional and classic study describing TRAM's technique. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Nahabedian MY, Patel K. Autologous flap breast reconstruction: surgical algorithm and patient selection. J Surg Oncol. 2016;113(8):865–74. Epub 2016 Feb 26. Review encompassing all breast reconstruction surgical techniques, employing myo-cutaneous flaps. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Tregaskiss A. Perfusion zones of the DIEP flap revisited: a clinical study. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;118(3):816. Describes the perfusion zones do define the inferior abdominal donor site to grant TRAM's best effectivity. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • BBSG – Brazilian Breast Study Group
    • 1
  1. 1.BBSGSao PauloBrazil

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