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Decisional Process for Miranda Waivers and Self-Incriminations

  • Richard Rogers
  • Eric Y. Drogin
Chapter

Abstract

As a Constitutional safeguard, the validity of Miranda decisions is only considered when detainees have waived their Miranda rights. Pragmatically speaking, such waivers are almost never examined unless they are coupled with damaging self-incriminations. A careful analysis of waiver decisions integrates Miranda comprehension and reasoning within a hierarchical model. Determinants of decisions involve systematic examinations of how arrestees weighed the pros and cons of both exercising and waiving Miranda rights. From a nomothetic perspective, the Miranda Reasoning Measure (MRM) is evaluated closely for aggregate scores in the Exercise and Waive domains. From a case-specific perspective, the MRM—as well as open-ended inquiries—provide detailed information via item-level analysis. This analysis is enhanced by the Blackwood’s “salience-probability” approach. In addition, Miranda waiver decisions may strongly be influenced by response styles, such as acquiescence and compliance, both of which are addressed in detail.

Keywords

Miranda waivers Miranda reasoning Miranda Reasoning Measure (MRM) Miranda Acquiescence Questionnaire (MAQ) Suggestibility Standardized Assessment of Miranda Abilities (SAMA) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Rogers
    • 1
  • Eric Y. Drogin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North TexasDentonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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