Advertisement

Investigation of Erosion Using Compaction Trend Analysis on Sonic Data

  • Troyee DasguptaEmail author
  • Soumyajit Mukherjee
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Oil and Gas Exploration & Production book series (AOGEP)

Abstract

Compaction trends of sediments can decode the mechanism of compaction. Not all kinds of log detect all types of porosity, For example, while Neutron-, sonic- and density logs can decipher porosity, sonic tool cannot detect secondary porosity. Tectonic and isostatic uplift affect petroleum system. The Velocity-depth data from different terrains has been used in studying erosion of petroliferous basins. Porosity-depth trends in well data can indicate the amount of eroded sediment layer. How different authors estimated the thickness of the eroded overburden following different principles is discussed in this chapter.

References

  1. Burns WM, Hayba DO, Rowan EL, Houseknecht DW (2005) Studies by the U.S. Geological Survey in Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1732–D: Estimating the Amount of Eroded Section in a Partially Exhumed Basin from Geophysical Well Logs: An Example from the North SlopeGoogle Scholar
  2. Cecil MR, Mihai ND, Peter WR, Clement GC (2006) Cenozoic exhumation of the northern Sierra Nevada, California, from (U-Th)/He thermochronology. GSA Bull 118:1481–1488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Doré AG, Jensen LN (1996) The impact of late Cenozoic uplift and erosion on hydrocarbon exploration. Global Planet Change 12:415–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Evans D, Morton AC, Wilson S, Jolley D, Barreiro BA (1997) Palaeoenvironmental significance of marine and terrestrial Tertiary sediments on the NW Scottish Shelf in BGS borehole 77/7. Scott J Geol 33:31–42Google Scholar
  5. Falvey DA, Middleton MF (1981) Passive continental margins; evidence for a prebreakup deep crustal metamorphic subsidence mechanism. Oceanol Acta 4:103–114Google Scholar
  6. Hagen ES (1986) Hydrocarbon maturation in Laramide-style basins—Constraints from the northern Bighorn Basin, Wyoming and Montana: Laramie, University of Wyoming, Ph.D. thesis, 215 pGoogle Scholar
  7. Hagen ES, Surdam RC (1984) Maturation history and thermal evolution of cretaceous source rocks of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming and Montana. In: Woodward J, Meissner FF, Clayton JL (eds) Hydrocarbon source rocks of the greater Rocky Mountain region. Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, pp 321–338Google Scholar
  8. Hansen S (1996) Quantification of net uplift and erosion on the Norwegian Shelf south of 66°N from sonic transit times of shale: Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 76:245–252Google Scholar
  9. Heasler HP, Kharitonova NA (1996) Analysis of sonic well logs applied to erosion estimates in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming. AAPG Bull 80:630–646Google Scholar
  10. Hillis RR (1995a) Quantification of tertiary exhumation in the United Kingdom southern North Sea using sonic velocity data. AAPG Bull 79:130–152Google Scholar
  11. Hillis RR (1995b) Regional Tertiary exhumation in and around the United Kingdom. In: Buchanan JG, Buchanan PG (eds) Basin inversion, vol 88. Geological Society Special Publication, London, pp 167–190Google Scholar
  12. Hunt JM, Whelan JK, Eglinton LB, Cathles LM III (1998) Relation of shale porosities, gas generation, and compaction to deep overpressures in the U.S. Gulf Coast. In: Law BE, Ulmishek GF, Slavin VI (eds) Abnormal pressures in hydrocarbon environments, vol 70. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, pp 87–104Google Scholar
  13. Issler DR (1992) A new approach to shale compaction and stratigraphic restoration, Beaufort-Mackenzie Basin and Mackenzie Corridor, Northern Canada. Am Asso Petrol Geol Bull 76:1170–1189Google Scholar
  14. Japsen P (1998) Regional velocity-depth anomalies, North Sea Chalk: a record of overpressure and Neogene uplift and erosion. AAPG Bull 82:2031–2074Google Scholar
  15. Li CF, Zhou Z, Ge H, Mao Y (2007) Correlations between erosions and relative uplifts from the central inversion zone of the Xihu Depression, East China Sea Basin. Terre Atmos Oceanic Sci 18:757–776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Magara K (1976) Thickness of removed sedimentary rocks, paleopore pressure, and paleotemperature, southwestern part of Western Canada basin. Am Assoc Pet Geol Bull 60:554–565Google Scholar
  17. Mukherjee S (2015) Petroleum geosciences: Indian contexts. Springer Geology. ISBN 978-3-319-03119-4Google Scholar
  18. Mukherjee S (2017) Airy’s isostatic model: a proposal for a realistic case. Arab J Geosci 10:268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mukherjee S, Kumar N (2018) A first-order model for temperature rise for uniform and differential compression of sediments in basins. Int J Earth Sci 107:2999–3004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nelson PH, Bird KJ (2005) Porosity-depth trends and regional uplift calculated from sonic logs, national petroleum reserve in Alaska, Scientific Investigations Report 20055051, US Geological SurveyGoogle Scholar
  21. Pederson JL, Mackley RD, Eddleman JL (2002) Colorado Plateau uplift and erosion evaluated using GIS. GSA Today 12:4–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Raiga-Clemenceau J, Martin JP, Nicoletis S (1988) The concept of acoustic formation factor for more accurate porosity determination from sonic transit time data. In: SPWLA 27th annual logging symposium. Society of Petrophysicists and Well-Log Analysts, vol 29, pp 54–60Google Scholar
  23. Rider MH (1986) The geological interpretation of well logs. Blackie & Son Limited, London, p 175Google Scholar
  24. Riebe CS, Kirchner JW, Granger DE, Finkel RC (2000) Erosional equilibrium and disequilibrium in the Sierra Nevada, inferred from cosmogenic 26Al and 10Be in alluvial sediments. Geology 28:803–806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rowan EL, Hayba DO, Nelson PH, Burns WM, Houseknecht DW (2003) Sandstone and shale compaction curves derived from sonic and gamma ray logs in offshore wells, North Slope, Alaska—parameters for basin modeling: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03–329Google Scholar
  26. Smith RB, Braile LW (1993) Topographic signature, space-time evolution, and physical properties of the Yellowstone-Snake River Plain volcanic system: the Yellowstone hotspot. In: Snoke AW, Steidtmann J, Roberts SM (eds) Geology of Wyoming: Geological Survey of Wyoming Memoir No. 5, pp 694–754Google Scholar
  27. Wobus C, Heimsath A, Whipple K, Hodges K (2005) Active out-of-sequence thrust faulting in the central Nepalese Himalaya. Nature 434:1008–1011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wyllie MRJ, Gregory AR, Gardner LW (1956) Elastic wave velocities in heterogeneous and porous media. Geophysics 21:41–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wyllie MRJ, Gregory AR, Gardner GHF (1958) An experimental investigation of factors affecting elastic wave velocities in porous media. Geophysics 23:459–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geology, Geophysics and Petrophysics (Exploration)Reliance Industries LimitedNavi MumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations