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Nano-biopesticides: Synthesis and Applications in Plant Safety

  • Bipin D. Lade
  • Dayanand P. Gogle
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Nanotechnology has tremendous applications in the food, pesticide, fertilizer, chemical, and agriculture industries. Nanostructures or nanoformulations are fabricated by manipulating, at atomic or molecular level, reactants in definite ratios for improving the physical, chemical, and conduction properties as well as strengthening the functioning materials applicable in agriculture, medicine, and environmental monitoring. Therefore, in the present chapter, the synthesis and application of possible nanostructures using active pesticide compounds (APC) from plants for development of nano-biopesticides (NBP) with focus on enforcement into polymers are discussed. Then, developed nano-biopesticides, their properties, quality control, and synthesis techniques with reference to electro-spinning, delivery mechanism, and effects and mode of action on insects for plant protection are demonstrated. Further, the efficiency of nano-biopesticides for insect control via in vitro applications as anti-feedant, larvicidal, and pupicidal bioassays and field conditions are explained. Moreover, the risk related to synthesis of NBP relative to plants, environment, human health concerns, regulations factors, and future generations of nano-biopesticides are analyzed. The nanoparticles, APC molded into functional nano-biopesticides via green technology, could selectively target insects for plant and environmental safety.

Keywords

Nanoparticles Nanostructures Active pesticide compound Nano-biopesticides Electro-spinning Bioassays Pest control and plant safety 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Department of Molecular Biology & Genetic Engineering RTM Nagpur University, for providing the research facility and lab space.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bipin D. Lade
    • 1
  • Dayanand P. Gogle
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology & Genetic EngineeringRTM Nagpur UniversityMaharashtraIndia

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