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Nanopesticides: Synthesis, Formulation and Application in Agriculture

  • Priyanka Priyanka
  • Dileep Kumar
  • Kusum Yadav
  • Anurag Yadav
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

The pest and plant diseases are conventionally controlled by leaf spraying or coating seeds with pesticides. However, excessive use of chemical pesticides has led to an alarming increase in problems of pest resistance, environment pollution, soil health damage, and harmful effects on benign insects, animals, and human health. Reversal of this damage requires technological intervention and chemical pesticide alternatives. Use of nanopesticide nanoformulations in agriculture could provide better plant disease protection compared to chemical pesticides. Microemulsion, nanoemulsion, nanodispersion, and nanoencapsulation are the types of nanoformulation of pesticide with varied properties. Nanoformulation of pesticides enhances the solubility of poorly water-soluble pesticide, protects the premature degradation of pesticide, and impacts target pest. Nanopesticide has various applications in agriculture and food industry. In agriculture, nanopesticides are used for treating pest-related diseases and to control weeds. In the food industry, the important application of nanopesticide includes food processing, packaging, and preservation. Nanoparticles are also used in the material of food packaging utilized for storage purpose and reduced the growth of pathogens in stored food.

Keywords

Nanotechnology Nanoparticles Weed management Food processing Food packaging Food preservation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priyanka Priyanka
    • 1
  • Dileep Kumar
    • 1
  • Kusum Yadav
    • 1
  • Anurag Yadav
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of LucknowLucknowIndia
  2. 2.College of Basic Sciences & HumanitiesSardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural UniversityBanaskanthaIndia

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