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Bio-Engineered Nanomaterials for Plant Growth Promotion and Protection

  • Naradala Jayarambabu
  • Kalagadda Venkateswara RaoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

We proposed that nano-biotechnology could implement sustainable agriculture by reducing use of fertilizers, pesticides, and water by enhancing their efficiency. This approach to biology allows researchers to imagine and create systems that can be used for biological needs. Biologically inspired nanotechnology uses biology as the inspiration for technologies not yet created. Synthesized nanoparticles such as metal or metal oxides and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have positive and negative impacts on seed germination and plant growth promotion. Studies of metal or metal oxide nanoparticles have shown more efficient results. The seed germination process encompasses different steps such as imbibition, respiration, effect of light on seed germination, phytochrome and reversible red–far-red control, mobilization of reserves during seed germination and the role of growth regulators, and development of the embryo axis into seedlings. This chapter discusses the activity of biological nanoparticles on crop seeds and seed germination.

Keywords

Bio-nanoparticles Seed germination Nutrients Plant growth protection 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naradala Jayarambabu
    • 1
  • Kalagadda Venkateswara Rao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Nano Science and TechnologyIST, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological UniversityHyderabadIndia

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