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Cytotoxic Potential of Plant Nanoparticles

  • Ahmed A. Haleem Khan
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

The reduction in size of metals to nanoscale is a current topic of research around the globe with applications in a variety of fields. These nanoparticles (NPs) are being synthesized by different procedures, but with the need for an alternative approach, production has switched to green synthesis. This approach is given more attention because it is low cost, energy efficient, and eco-friendly as nontoxic compounds are used. Plant-based synthesis is popular as a green approach. In nanoparticle synthesis a wide range of metal oxides was used: Ag, Au, Al, Cd, Ce, Cu, Co, Fe, G, Ni, Mg, Pt, Pd, Mn, Ti, Zn. The plants used in NP synthesis were nonflowering (algae), or flowering, monocots and dicots (habit of herbs, shrubs, and trees). The plant extracts used in NP synthesis were from leaf, stem, root, bark, flower, fruit, fruit peel, rhizome, latex, seeds, and secondary metabolites. The NPs were evaluated and proved to have anticancer, antibacterial, antifungal, larvicidal, or insecticidal activity. Antimicrobial testing was for activity against human (multi-drug-resistant) and plant pathogens. The studies on plant pathogens and pests concluded NPs can be nano-weapons for effective control of plant diseases (nanopesticides). The plants used for NP synthesis, and different reports for biological activities, are discussed to provide a success story on nanotechnology potential.

Keywords

Green synthesis Antibacterial Antifungal Anticancer Antioxidant Insecticidal 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed A. Haleem Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyTelangana University, DichpallyNizamabadIndia

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