Trauma of the Distal Femur, Knee, Tibia, and Fibula

  • Richard A. GosselinEmail author
  • David O. Oloruntoba


Isolated extra-articular fractures at or below the diaphyseal-metaphyseal junction of the distal femur are common. The management is challenging, and the results depend on the surgeon’s experience and available resources. Rigid internal fixation of extra-articular fractures is the only way to allow early mobilization of both the knee joint and the patient, with all the known benefits of each.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.San Francisco General Hospital, Institute for Global Orthopedics and TraumatologySan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of OrthopedicsNelson Mandela Academic HospitalMthathaSouth Africa

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