Preoperative Imaging in Patients Undergoing Cholecystectomy
Cholecystectomy is one of the most commonly performed operations worldwide. Gallstone pathology with its different variants remains the most common underlying etiology leading to such surgery. With a continuous commitment to lessening the perioperative complications from laparoscopic cholecystectomy, experts have committed to the improvement of the perioperative care from every aspect. The accuracy of preoperative diagnosis has proven to play a vital role, hence, the role of imaging studies in delineating the underlying anatomy and the severity of the biliary pathology. Imaging modalities have evolved over the past years, and such technology has played a vital role in the precision of the preoperative diagnosis. Knowing in advance what would be encountered during the surgery would prepare surgeons to conduct a safer operation. Furthermore, knowing in advance about anatomical variation could prove to be of critical importance for surgery and consequently for patient safety.
KeywordsAcute cholecystitis Gallstones Cholecystectomy Ultrasound CT scan MRCP HIDA scan
- 3.Brady A, Laoide RO, McCarthy P, McDermott R. Discrepancy and error in radiology: concepts, causes and consequences. Ulst Med J. 2012;81(1):3–9.Google Scholar
- 5.Lebit DF, Vladareanu PD. The role of 4D ultrasound in the assessment of fetal behaviour. Maedica (Buchar). 2011;6(2):120–7.Google Scholar
- 24.Meseeha M, Attia M. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Treasure Island: StatPearls; 2018.Google Scholar
- 25.Dasari BV, Tan CJ, Gurusamy KS, Martin DJ, Kirk G, McKie L, et al. Surgical versus endoscopic treatment of bile duct stones. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(9):CD003327.Google Scholar
- 35.Urbach DR, Khajanchee YS, Jobe BA, Standage BA, Hansen PD, Swanstrom LL. Cost-effective management of common bile duct stones: a decision analysis of the use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), intraoperative cholangiography, and laparoscopic bile duct exploration. Surg Endosc. 2001;15(1):4–13.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar