Earth’s Science System

  • Willi Freeden
  • Clemens Heine
  • M. Zuhair Nashed
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geosystems Mathematics and Computing book series (LNGMC)


Humankind today is changing essential components of the Earth’s system including the climate system, without sufficient understanding of the constituting ingredients. There is an urgent need for a better knowledge of the Earth’s system and the interrelations among its components. This need cannot be satisfied without two requirements, measurements and observations of a large set of influencing parameters and concepts and models characterizing the Earth’s science system.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Willi Freeden
    • 1
  • Clemens Heine
    • 2
  • M. Zuhair Nashed
    • 3
  1. 1.Mathematics DepartmentUniversity of KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany
  2. 2.Executive EditorSpringer NatureHeidelbergGermany
  3. 3.Mathematics DepartmentUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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