Advertisement

The Timber-Roofed Basilicas of Troodos, Cyprus (15th–19th Cen.). Constructional System, Anti-seismic Behaviour and Adaptability

  • Marios PelekanosEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 962)

Abstract

The timber-roofed basilicas of Troodos mountain area in Cyprus, which were built between the 15th and the 19th century, present a remarkable uniqueness, due to their cleverly designed constructional system. The main characteristic of this roof type is the existence of two distinctive, but co-operating, wooden parts, the Inner and the Outer Roof. The Inner Roof has a three-dimensional long triangular shape with great stiffness. The Outer Roof is literally suspended from the Inner Roof and it carries the heavy load of the solid brick flat roof tiles. A comprehensive constructional analysis showed that most of the characteristics of this roof type are similar to what is called “the eastern type roof”. Timber roofs in the seismic area of the Eastern Mediterranean are constructed mainly to cope successfully with the frequent earthquake phenomenon. This constructional system presents a remarkable degree of adaptability to various types of structures. The first type is the common single-aisled basilica and the wider three-aisled basilica. The second type refers to domed churches which received a timber roof as a protective cover. The third known type is that of the converted timber-roofed basilicas, which seems to have been developed in parallel with the evolution of the original basilicas. The basic conversion was the replacement, at some point of their life, of the vaulted stone roofing with a completely new timber roof. In every case, this constructional system presented an ability to adapt each time to the particular needs and restrictions.

Keywords

Timber roof Constructional system Church Anti-seismic behavior Adaptability 

References

  1. 1.
    Soteriou, G.: Early Christian and Byzantine Monuments of Cyprus, Athens, p. 477 (1931)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fereos, H.: Timber- roofed Franco-Byzantine Architecture of Cyprus, p. 233 (1999)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Papageorgiou, A.: The Timber-Roofed Churches of Cyprus, Nicosia, pp. 4–22 (1975)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pelekanos, M.: The Role of a Post-Byzantine Timber Roof Structure in the Seismic Behavior of a Masonry Building—The Case of a Unique Type of Timber-Roofed Basilicas in Cyprus (15th–19th Century) Published in “Historical Earthquake-Resistant Timber Framing in the Mediterranean Area (HEaRT 2015)”. Springer, Switzerland (2016). ISBN 978-3-319-39491-6Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pelekanos, M. (Team Leader and Scientific coordinator). Constructional Analysis of the Church of Saints Sergios and Vakhos at Kalopanayiotis. Frederick University Cyprus (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pelekanos, M.: (Team Leader and Scientific coordinator). Constructional Analysis of the Church of Panayia at Kourdali. Frederick University Cyprus (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Touliatos, P.: The box–framed entity and function of the structures: the importance of wood’s role. In: Cestari, C.B. (Ed.), Proceedings of Culture 2000 Project: Italian Action, pp. 163–181. Elsevier, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pelekanos, M.: (Team Leader and Scientific coordinator). Constructional Analysis of the Church of Ayia Marina at Filousa Kelokadaron. Frederick University Cyprus (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pelekanos, M.: (Team Leader and Scientific coordinator). Constructional Analysis of the Church of Panagia Araka at Lagoudhera. Frederick University Cyprus (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pelekanos, M.: The converted timber-roofed basilicas, as part of the constructional evolution of the churches in Troodos area. The First Annual Conference of Byzantine and Medieval Studies. The Byzantine Society of Cyprus, Nicosia (2016)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pelekanos, M.: (Team Leader and Scientific coordinator). Constructional Analysis of the Church of Saints Ioakeim and Anna at Kalliana. Frederick University Cyprus (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ArchitectureFrederick University CyprusNicosiaCyprus

Personalised recommendations