Advertisement

Who Are Prisoners’ Family Members? Towards an Holistic and Intersectional Framework

  • Johnna ChristianEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology book series (PSIPP)

Abstract

Terms like “hidden” and “forgotten” victims, and “people in the shadow of the prison” have all been applied to the family members of incarcerated individuals (Codd in In the shadow of prison: Families, imprisonment and criminal justice, Willan, Cullompton, 2013; Hairston in Federal Probation 52:48–52, 1988).

References

  1. Alexander, Michelle. 2012. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
  2. Arditti, Joyce A. 2012. Parental Incarceration and the Family: Psychological and Social Effects of Imprisonment on Children, Parents, and Caregivers. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Braman, Donald. 2004. Doing Time on the Outside: Incarceration and Family Life in Urban America. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Casey-Acevedo, Karen, Tim Bakken, and Adria Karle. 2004. “Children Visiting Mothers in Prison: The Effects on Mothers’ Behaviour and Disciplinary Adjustment.” Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology 37(3): 418–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Christian, Johnna. 2005. “Riding the Bus: Barriers to Prison Visitation and Family Management Strategies.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 21(1): 31–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Christian, Johnna, Jeff Mellow, and Shenique Thomas. 2006. “Social and Economic Implications of Family Connections to Prisoners.” Journal of Criminal Justice 34(4): 443–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Christian, Johnna, and Leslie W. Kennedy. 2011. “Secondary Narratives in the Aftermath of Crime: Defining Family Members’ Relationships with Prisoners.” Punishment & Society 13(4): 379–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cochran, Joshua C., Daniel P. Mears, and William D. Bales. 2017. “Who Gets Visited in Prison? Individual- and Community-level Disparities in Inmate Visitation Experiences.” Crime & Delinquency 63(5): 545–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Codd, Helen. 2013. In the Shadow of Prison: Families, Imprisonment and Criminal Justice. Cullompton: Willan Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Collins, Patricia Hill. 2002. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. New York and Abingdon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Comfort, Megan. 2007. “Punishment Beyond the Legal Offender.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science 3: 271–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Comfort, Megan. 2008. Doing Time Together: Love and Family in the Shadow of the Prison. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Comfort, Megan. 2016. “‘A Twenty-Hour-a-Day Job’ The Impact of Frequent Low-Level Criminal Justice Involvement on Family Life.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 665(1): 63–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Condry, Rachel. 2007. Families Shamed: The Consequences of Crime for Relatives of Serious Offenders. Cullompton: Willan Publishing.Google Scholar
  15. Crenshaw, Kimberlé. 1989. “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics.” University of Chicago Legal Forum 1989(1): 139–167.Google Scholar
  16. Culhane, Dennis P., E. Gollub, R. Kuhn, and Mark Shpaner. 2001. “The Co-occurrence of AIDS and Homelessness: Results from the Integration of Administrative Databases for AIDS Surveillance and Public Shelter Utilisation in Philadelphia.” Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 55(7): 515–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Einat, Tomer, Inbal Harel-Aviram, and Sharon Rabinovitz. 2015. “Barred from Each Other: Why Normative Husbands Remain Married to Incarcerated Wives—An Exploratory Study.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 59(6): 654–679.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fader, Jamie J., and LaTosha L. Traylor. 2015. “Dealing with Difference in Desistance Theory: The Promise of Intersectionality for New Avenues of Inquiry.” Sociology Compass 9(4): 247–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fishman, Laura T. 1990. Women At the Wall: A Study of Prisoners’ Wives Doing Time on the Outside. Albany: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  20. Foster, Holly, and John Hagan. 2009. “The Mass Incarceration of Parents in America: Issues of Race/Ethnicity, Collateral Damage to Children, and Prisoner Reentry.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 623(1): 179–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fulcher, Patrice A. 2013. “The Double-Edged Sword of Prison Video Visitation: Claiming to Keep Families Together While Furthering the Aims of the Prison Industrial Complex.” Florida. A & M University Law Review 9: 83.Google Scholar
  22. Geller, Amanda, Kate Jaeger, and Garrett T. Pace. 2016. “Surveys, Records, and the Study of Incarceration in Families.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences 665: 22–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Glaze, Lauren E., and Laura M. Marushak. 2008. Parents in Prison and Their Minor Children. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics.Google Scholar
  24. Gueta, Keren. 2018. “The Experience of Prisoners’ Parents: A Meta—Synthesis of Qualitative Studies.” Family Process 57(3):767–782.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hairston, Creasie Finney. 1988. “Family Ties During Imprisonment: Do They Influence Future Criminal Activity.” Federal Probation 52(1): 48–52.Google Scholar
  26. Halsey, Mark, and Simone Deegan. 2015. “‘Picking Up the Pieces’: Female Significant Others in the Lives of Young (Ex)Incarcerated Males.” Criminology & Criminal Justice 15(2): 131–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hutton, Marie. 2016. “Visiting Time: A Tale of Two Prisons.” Probation Journal 63(3): 347–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Jardine, Cara. 2017. “Constructing and Maintaining Family in the Context of Imprisonment.” The British Journal of Criminology 58(1): 114–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kreager, Derek A., David R. Schaefer, Martin Bouchard, Dana L. Haynie, Sara Wakefield, Jacob Young, and Gary Zajac. 2016. “Toward a Criminology of Inmate Networks.” Justice Quarterly 33(6): 1000–1028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lee, Hedwig, Tyler McCormick, Margaret T. Hicken, and Christopher Wildeman. 2015. “Racial Inequalities in Connectedness to Imprisoned Individuals in the United States.” Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race 12(2): 269–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Liem, Marieke. 2016. After Life Imprisonment: Reentry in the Era of Mass Incarceration. New York: New York University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Martinez, Damian J., and Johnna Christian. 2009. “The Familial Relationships of Former Prisoners: Examining the Link Between Residence and Informal Support Mechanisms.” Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 38(2): 201–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. McKay, Tasseli, Megan Comfort, Christine Lindquist, and Anupa Bir. 2016. “If Family Matters.” Criminology & Public Policy 15(2): 529–542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Moran, Dominique, Marie A. Hutton, Louise Dixon, and Tom Disney. 2017. “‘Daddy Is a Difficult Word for Me to Hear’: Carceral Geographies of Parenting and the Prison Visiting Room as a Contested Space of Situated Fathering.” Children’s Geographies 15(1): 107–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Mowen, Thomas J., and Christy A. Visher. 2016. “Changing the Ties That Bind.” Criminology & Public Policy 15(2): 503–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Naser, Rebecca L., and Christy A. Visher. 2006. “Family Members’ Experiences with Incarceration and Reentry.” Western Criminology Review 7(2): 20–31.Google Scholar
  37. Oliver, William, and Creasie Finney Hairston. 2008. “Intimate Partner Violence During the Transition from Prison to the Community: Perspectives of incarcerated African American Men.” Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma 16(3): 258–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Owen, Barbara A. 1998. In the mix: Struggle and Survival in a Women’s Prison. Albany: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  39. Potter, Hillary. 2015. Intersectionality and Criminology: Disrupting and Revolutionizing Studies of Crime. New York and Abingdon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rabuy, Bernadette, Peter Wagner. 2015. “Screening Out Family Time: The For-Profit Video Visitation Industry in Prisons and Jails.” Prison Policy Initiative. https://static.prisonpolicy.org/visitation/ScreeningOutFamilyTime_January2015.pdf.
  41. Richie, Beth E. 2001. “Challenges Incarcerated Women Face as They Return to Their Communities: Findings from Life History Interviews.” Crime & Delinquency 47(3): 368–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Richie, Beth. 2012. Arrested Justice: Black Women, Violence, and America’s Prison Nation. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Rodriguez, Nancy. 2016. “Bridging the Gap Between Research and Practice: The Role of Science in Addressing the Effects of Incarceration on Family Life.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 665(1): 231–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rose, Dina R., and Todd R. Clear. 1998. “Incarceration, Social Capital, and Crime: Implications for Social Disorganization Theory.” Criminology 36(3): 441–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Swanson, Cheryl, Chang-Bae Lee, Frank A. Sansone, and Kimberly M. Tatum. 2013. “Incarcerated Fathers and Their Children: Perceptions of Barriers to Their Relationships.” The Prison Journal 93(4): 453–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tasca, Melinda. 2016. “The Gatekeepers of Contact: Child–Caregiver Dyads and Parental Prison Visitation.” Criminal Justice and Behavior 43(6): 739–758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Tasca, Melinda, Philip Mulvey, and Nancy Rodriguez. 2016. “Families Coming Together in Prison: An Examination of Visitation Encounters.” Punishment & Society 18(4): 459–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Turanovic, Jillian J., and Melinda Tasca. 2017. “Inmates’ Experiences with Prison Visitation.” Justice Quarterly 1–36,  https://doi.org/10.1080/07418825.2017.1385826.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wakefield, Sara, and Christopher Wildeman. 2013. Children of the Prison Boom: Mass Incarceration and the Future of American Inequality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  50. Western, Bruce, and Christopher Wildeman. 2009. “The Black Family and Mass Incarceration.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 621(1): 221–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Western, Bruce, Anthony A. Braga, Jaclyn Davis, and Catherine Sirois. 2015 “Stress and Hardship After Prison.” American Journal of Sociology 120(5): 1512–1547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rutgers UniversityNewarkUSA

Personalised recommendations