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ERCP in Pediatric Populations

  • Mayssan Muftah
  • Christopher Fritzen
  • Field F. WillinghamEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The use of pediatric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has grown in scope and practice since it was first reported in 1976 (Waye, Am J Gastroenterol 65:461–463, 1976). Some indications for ERCP overlap with adults, and some indications present with more frequency in children including pancreaticobiliary injuries following blunt abdominal trauma and congenital abnormalities. Unique procedural considerations include the type of duodenoscope used, the method of anesthesia, and the experience of the endoscopists in performing ERCP in pediatric patients. Success and complication rates appear to parallel those seen in adults. Although post-ERCP pancreatitis is the most common complication in children and adults, pharmacopreventive approaches such as the use of indomethacin have not been established in pediatric cohorts. As in an adult population, ERCP can be critically indicated in children, at times managing and treating urgent or life-threatening conditions.

Keywords

Pediatric Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography Indications Adverse events Pancreatitis Biliary obstruction 

Notes

Grant Support

This manuscript was supported in part by a development grant from the Department of Medicine at Emory University School of Medicine.

Disclosures

The authors report no conflicts of interest with the work contained in this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mayssan Muftah
    • 1
  • Christopher Fritzen
    • 2
  • Field F. Willingham
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of MedicineEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Gastroenterology, Hepatology and NutritionChildren’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Department of GastroenterologyChildren’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Division of Digestive DiseasesEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA

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