Advertisement

The Liquid Composite Molding Process: Theory and Applications

  • João M. P. Q. DelgadoEmail author
  • Antonio Gilson Barbosa de Lima
  • Mariana Julie do Nascimento Santos
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the liquid composite molding technique with special attention to resin transfer molding process (RTM). Herein, the main issues related to this manufacturing technique such as foundations, processing stages, main control variables, problems and advantages associated with the use of the RTM technique, and finally applications of fiber-reinforced polymer composite at different areas are presented and discussed.

References

  1. 1.
    Santos MJN, Delgado JMPQ, Lima AGB (2017) Synthetic fiber-reinforced polymer composite manufactured by resin transfer molding technique: foundations and engineering applications. Diffus Foundations 14:21–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alves ALS (2006) Processing of composite plaques by the SEEMANN resin infusion molding technique (SCRIMP). Master Dissertation. Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (In Portuguese)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Amorim Jr. WF (2007) Processing of thick composite board through resin transfer molding, Doctoral Thesis, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (In Portuguese)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nield D, Bejan A (2006) Convection in porous media, 3rd edn. Springer, New York, USAzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bear J (1972) Dynamics of fluid in porous media. Dover Publications Inc., New York, USAzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    McKibbin R (2005) Modeling heat and mass transport processes in geothermal systems. In: Vafai K (ed) Handbook of porous media, 2nd edn. Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, USA, pp 545–571Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Harris SD, Ingham DB (2005) Parameter identification within a porous medium using genetic algorithims. In: Vafai K (ed) Handbook of porous media, 2nd edn. Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, USA, pp 687–742Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Santos MJN, Delgado JMPQ, Lima AGB, Oliveira IR (2018) Liquid injection molding process in the manufacturing of fibrous composite materials: Theory, advanced modeling and engineering applications. In: Delgado JMPQ, Lima AGB (eds.) Transport phenomena in multiphase systems, 1st edn. Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, pp 251–272Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Oliveira IR, Amico SC, Luz FF, Barcella R, Bezerra VMF, Lima AGB (2013) Effect of CaCO3 content in resin transfer molding process. Deff Diff Forum 334–335:188–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Oliveira IR, Amico SC, Barcella R, Lima AGB (2014) Application of calcium carbonate in resin transfer molding process. Deff Diff Forum 353:39–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pearce NRL, Guild FJ, Summerscales J (1998) An investigation into the effects of fabric architecture on the processing and properties of fibre reinforced composites produced by resin transfer moulding. Compos. Part A 29(1–2):141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Brocks T (2011) Carbon/epoxy structural composition via RTM for aeronautical application: processing and characterization. Master Dissertation. Mechanical Engineering, Paulista State University, Guaratinguetá, Brazil. (In Portuguese)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lee DH, Lee W II, Kang MK (2006) Analysis and minimization of void formation during resin transfer molding process. Compos Sci Technol 66(16):3281–3289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shiino MY (2011) Development and characterization of compounds processed by RTM for aerospace application. Master Dissertation. Mechanical Engineering, Paulista State University, Guaratinguetá, Brazil. (In Portuguese)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lebrun G, Gauvin R, Kendall KN (1996) Experimental investigation of resin temperature and pressure during filling and curring in a flat steel RTM mould. Comp Part A 27(5):347–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ruiz E, Trochu F (2005) Numerical analysis of cure temperature and internal stresses in thin and thick RTM parts. Compos Part A 36(6):806–826CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hamidi YK, Aktas L, Altan MC (2005) Three-dimensional features of void morphology in resin transfer molded composites. Compos Sci Technol 65(7–8):1306–1320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Goss TM (2010) View and perspectives of the Brazilian composite industry. UnderGraduate Final Work. Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. (In Portuguese)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rezende MC, Botelho ECO (2000) The use of structural composites on the aerospace industry. Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia 10(2):e4-e10. (In Portuguese)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Steenkamer DA (1994) The influence of preform design and manufacturing issues on the processing and performance of resin transfer molded composites. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Delaware, Center for Composite Materials, Delaware, USAGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hsião K-T, Little R, Restrepo O, Minaie B (2006) A study of direct cure kinetics characterization during liquid composite molding. Compos Part A Appl Sci Manuf 37(6):925–933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Oliveira IR (2014) Infiltration of loaded fluids in porous media via RTM process: Theoretical and experimental analyses. Doctoral Thesis, Process Engineering, Federal University of Campina Grande, Campina Grande, BrazilGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fontoura CM, Rocha ICL, Ferreira CA, Amico SC (2009) Characterization of composite materials made by resin transfer molding for application in propulsor systems. In: Proceedings of the 10th Brazilian Congress of Polymers 10th CBPol, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, 10 p. (In Portuguese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • João M. P. Q. Delgado
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antonio Gilson Barbosa de Lima
    • 2
  • Mariana Julie do Nascimento Santos
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, CONSTRUCT-LFCUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringFederal University of Campina Grande (UFCG)Campina GrandeBrazil

Personalised recommendations