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Review of Mining Rates, Environmental Impacts, Metal Values, and Investments for Polymetallic Nodule Mining

  • Rahul SharmaEmail author
  • Farida Mustafina
  • Georgy Cherkashov
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter reviews different mining rates for polymetallic nodules and evaluates the ensuing environmental impacts as well as metal production with respect to land reserves, metal prices, and projected investments. It is expected that these can be applied for different mineral deposits in other ocean basins as well.

Keywords

Mining rates Environmental impacts Metal values Investments Polymetallic nodules 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The author acknowledges the inputs by Dr. TRP Singh, Ex-Deputy General Manager, Engineers India Limited, New Delhi, and Prof. P. K. Sen, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, during the preparation of this paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rahul Sharma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Farida Mustafina
    • 2
  • Georgy Cherkashov
    • 2
  1. 1.CSIR-National Institute of OceanographyDona PaulaIndia
  2. 2.Saint Petersburg State UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia

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