Understanding Office-to-Residential Permitted Development

  • Ben CliffordEmail author
  • Jessica Ferm
  • Nicola Livingstone
  • Patricia Canelas


This chapter reviews previous studies on office-to-residential change of use, considering what is already known from existing research on the topic, whilst clearly explaining the need for the new research published in this book. This previous work looks largely at the rate of use of the relaxed rights, and the implications in terms of numbers of housing units delivered and the office market. They do not look in detail at the type and quality of housing delivered or implications for local authorities and communities (in terms of lost revenue and externalities). They tend to be desk-based studies, lacking the richness which comes from detailed case study examination. The way our work extends these is explained.


Permitted development Office-to-residential Affordable housing Space standards Office markets Planning gain 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben Clifford
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jessica Ferm
    • 2
  • Nicola Livingstone
    • 3
  • Patricia Canelas
    • 4
  1. 1.Bartlett School of PlanningUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Bartlett School of PlanningUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Bartlett School of PlanningUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Bartlett School of PlanningUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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