Advertisement

Understanding Office-to-Residential Permitted Development

  • Ben CliffordEmail author
  • Jessica Ferm
  • Nicola Livingstone
  • Patricia Canelas
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter reviews previous studies on office-to-residential change of use, considering what is already known from existing research on the topic, whilst clearly explaining the need for the new research published in this book. This previous work looks largely at the rate of use of the relaxed rights, and the implications in terms of numbers of housing units delivered and the office market. They do not look in detail at the type and quality of housing delivered or implications for local authorities and communities (in terms of lost revenue and externalities). They tend to be desk-based studies, lacking the richness which comes from detailed case study examination. The way our work extends these is explained.

Keywords

Permitted development Office-to-residential Affordable housing Space standards Office markets Planning gain 

References

  1. BCO. (2015). Office-to-Residential Conversion—Establishing the Impacts of the Prior Approval Regime. London: British Council for Offices.Google Scholar
  2. BCO. (2017). Permitted Development Rights—One Year on from Permanence. London: British Council for Offices.Google Scholar
  3. Bibby, P., Brindley, P., Dunning, R., Henneberry, J., McClean, A., & Tubridy, D. (2018). The Exercise of Permitted Development Rights in England Since 2010 (Report to the RICS Research Trust). London: RICS.Google Scholar
  4. Colin Buchanan and Partners. (2006). Infrastructure Deficit Study 2004–2021. Thurrock Borough Council. https://www.thurrock.gov.uk/sites/default/files/assets/documents/ldf_tech_infrastructure.pdf. Accessed 28 October 2017.
  5. EGi. (2014a). PD Rights Office to Residential—Part 1. London: EGi.Google Scholar
  6. EGi. (2014b). PD Rights—Part 2. London: EGi.Google Scholar
  7. EGi. (2015). Office to Residential—Changes in Permitted Development Rights—Part 3. London: EGi.Google Scholar
  8. GLA. (2017). London Office Policy Review 2017, with Radimus Consulting. London: Greater London Authority.Google Scholar
  9. Holman, N., Mossa, A., & Pani, E. (2017). Planning, Value(s) and the Market: An Analytic for “What Comes Next?” Environment and Planning A, 50(3), 608–626.Google Scholar
  10. Johnson, A. (2015). What Contribution Has the Newly Created Class J B1(a)-C3 Permitted Development Made Towards Housing Supply in London and to What Extent Has This Contribution Met Housing Need (Unpublished Master’s Dissertation). Bartlett School of Planning, UCL.Google Scholar
  11. Knight Frank. (2013). Permitted Development Rights for Change of Use from Commercial to Residential. London: Knight Frank.Google Scholar
  12. London Councils. (2015). Permitted Development Rights for Office to Residential Conversions. London: London Councils.Google Scholar
  13. Muldoon-Smith, K., & Greenhalgh, P. (2016). Greasing the Wheels, or a Spanner in the Works? Permitting the Adaptive Re-use of Redundant Office Buildings into Residential Use in England. Planning Theory & Practice, 17(2), 175–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners. (2009). Infrastructure and Environmental Capacity Appraisal (Final Report). St Edmundsbury Borough Council Forest Heath District Council. https://www.westsuffolk.gov.uk/planning/Planning_Policies/upload/web-IECA-Final-Report-July-2009.pdf. Accessed 28 January 2017.
  15. Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners. (2011). Departments to Apartments: Converting Office Buildings to Residential. http://lichfields.uk/media/2493/departments-to-apartments.pdf. Accessed 28 October 2017.
  16. Remøy, H., & Street, E. (2018). The Dynamics of “post-Crisis” Spatial Planning: A Comparative Study of Office Conversion Policies in England and the Netherlands. Land Use Policy, 77, 811–820.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. RICS. (2015). Q3 2015: UK Commercial Property Market Survey. https://www.rics.org/Global/RICS%20UK%20Commercial%20Property%20Market%20Survey%20-%20Q3%202015.pdf. Accessed 26 January 2018.
  18. Roger Tym and Partners. (2010). Harlow Infrastructure Study, Stage 2 (Final Report). https://www.eastherts.gov.uk/media/29978/Harlow-Infrastructure-Study-2010/PDF/. Accessed 28 October 2017.
  19. Savills. (2015). Spotlight: The Future of Manchester. Savills World Research, UK Cross-Sector. http://pdf.euro.savills.co.uk/uk/residential—other/spotlight-the-future-of-manchester-december-2015.pdf. Accessed 28 October 2017.
  20. TBR. (2014). Office to Residential Permitted Development Rights Impact Study: For the London Borough of Camden. https://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/cms-service/stream/asset/;jsessionid=C30B8D659E9D7985AF7ABD53E99FFE35?asset_id=3453726&. Accessed 22 October 2017.
  21. Young, F. (2014). Permitted Development Rights Fails to Deliver Homes as the Policy Deadline Approaches. http://residential.jll.co.uk/new-residential-thinking-home/news/permitted-development-rights-fails-to-deliver-homes-as-the-policy-deadline-approaches. Accessed 28 October 2017.
  22. Young, F. (2015). JLL Responds to the Permanent Extension of Permitted Development Rights. http://residential.jll.co.uk/new-residential-thinking-home/news/jll-responds-to-permanent-extension-of-pdr. Accessed 9 September 2017.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben Clifford
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jessica Ferm
    • 2
  • Nicola Livingstone
    • 3
  • Patricia Canelas
    • 4
  1. 1.Bartlett School of PlanningUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Bartlett School of PlanningUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Bartlett School of PlanningUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Bartlett School of PlanningUniversity College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations