Nonadherence in Childhood Disorders: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Joseph C. BladerEmail author


Despite effective treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder to significantly ameliorate symptoms and improve quality of life for patients and families, treatment adherence and continuity are frequently inadequate to yield satisfactory outcomes. This chapter describes attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, its course, and features of its optimal treatment; reviews data on pharmacotherapy adherence; and discusses factors influencing treatment adherence, including those pertaining to the medication regimen, service delivery, patient characteristics, family factors, and developmental issues. Adherence improves when diagnostic evaluations are thorough rather than perfunctory, and with simpler medication regimens, prompt follow-up to adjust treatment and address adverse effects, and ongoing encouragement of communication and concerns by parents and patients.


Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Stimulant medications; atomoxetine; clonidine; guanfacine Treatment adherence Child and adolescent mental health Pediatrics 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Meadows Foundation & Semp Russ Professor of Child Psychiatry, Departments of Psychiatry and PediatricsUniversity of Texas Health Science Center at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA

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