Advertisement

Living in a Non-human’s World

  • Ola Plonska
  • Younes Saramifar
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter we introduce details about the lives of the non-human entities of the Garden through the gardeners’ narratives and the theoretical approaches of the Actor-Network debate. Through narratives about central Havana’s small-scale urban gardens, we portray what it means to be a gardener through the demands and needs of the plants. Moreover, we argue and stress on the needs of plants to illustrate sociality and social interactions that have remained limited to humans by neglecting the roles of their non-human counterparts. Thus, we are trying to see becoming human through the sociality that non-human counterparts extend towards humans. The stories of entanglement between humans and non-humans are emphasized by also addressing the embodied and sensorial experiences of the ethnographer. Stressing our sensory experiences shows how humans (both a biological and a cultural construct) and nature should not be seen as separate entities but that anthropological perspectives should shift from totalities such as human and nature to natureculture as a collaborative constant becoming. By means of this shift, we unravel and relate how urban gardens and gardeners lead us to the larger issues such as climate change through the social sciences and bottom-up approaches.

Keywords

Embodiment Entanglement Natureculture Sensory experience Becoming Collaborative existence Corporality Network 

References

  1. Arendt, H. (1956). Authority in the twentieth century. The Review of Politics, 18(4), 403–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arendt, H. (1961). Freedom and politics. In A. Hunold (Ed.), Freedom and serfdom (pp. 191–217). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bachelard, G. (1994). The poetics of space. Boston: Beacon Press. First published in French in 1958.Google Scholar
  4. Chomsky, N. (2010). Hopes and prospects. London: Hamish Hamilton.Google Scholar
  5. Chomsky, A. (2015a). A history of the Cuban Revolution. Chichester: Wiley Blackwell.Google Scholar
  6. Chomsky, N. (2015b). Turning the tide: U.S. intervention in Central America and the struggle for peace. Chicago: Haymarket Books.Google Scholar
  7. Chomsky, N., & Dieterich, H. (1999). Latin America: From colonization to globalization. Melbourne: Ocean.Google Scholar
  8. Game, A., & Metcalfe, A. (2011). ‘My corner of the world’: Bachelard and Bondi Beach. Emotion, Space and Society, 4(1), 42–50.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emospa.2010.10.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Geertsema, H. (2011). Embodied freedom. Koers: Bulletin for Christian Scholarship, 76(1), 33–57.  https://doi.org/10.4102/koers.v76i1.5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ingold, T. (2004). Culture on the ground: The world perceived through the feet. Journal of Material Culture, 9(3), 315–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kohn, E. (2015). How forests think: Toward an anthropology beyond the human. Berkeley/London: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  12. Lefebvre, H., & Nicholson-Smith, D. (1991). The production of space. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  13. Luhrmann, T. M. (2006). Subjectivity. Anthropological Theory, 6(3), 345–361.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1463499606066892.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Macnaghten, P., & Urry, J. (1998). Contested natures. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  15. McKusick, J. C. (2010). Green writing: Romanticism and ecology. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Milton, K. (2006). Loving nature: Towards an ecology of emotion. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Morton, T. (2016). Dark ecology: For a logic of future coexistence. New York: Columbia University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ortner, S. B. (2005). Subjectivity and cultural critique. Anthropological Theory, 5(1), 31–52.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1463499605050867.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Premat, A. (2003). Scale urban agriculture in Havana and the reproduction of the ‘new man’ in contemporary Cuba. European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies|Revista Europea De Estudios Latinoamericanos Y Del Caribe, 0(75), 85–99.  https://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.9695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Purdy, J. (2018). After nature: A politics for the Anthropocene. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Skinner, Q. (2008). Freedom as the absence of arbitrary power. Republicanism and Political Theory, 3(4), 83–101.Google Scholar
  22. Stoller, P. (2010). Sensuous scholarship. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ola Plonska
    • 1
  • Younes Saramifar
    • 1
  1. 1.Vrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations