A World of Islands: Archipelagic Poetics in Modern Scottish Literature
- 141 Downloads
Critical concepts of the ‘Atlantic archipelago’ are often sourced to J. G. A. Pocock’s 1975 Lecture in which he calls for a re-examination of historical constructions of Britain in the light of the so-called ‘British Problem’. Pocock’s plea impels us to reassess our understanding of what an island space constitutes both politically and poetically. This chapter traces the emergence of an identifiable archipelagic impulse in modern Scottish literature and considers how the dynamic topographies of the Atlantic archipelago filter into new pluralised, devolved, and ‘entangled’ poetic representations of place in Scottish poetry. The chapter begins with an overview of the current field of archipelagic criticism before examining the archipelagic dimensions of the modernist works of Hugh MacDiarmid, suggesting that MacDiarmid’s works can be understood as an originary node in the formation of contemporary archipelagic perspectives in Scotland. The chapter moves from MacDiarmid’s early island imaginings to examine contemporary works by Angus Peter Campbell and Jen Hadfield whose works reckon with the politics of place through intimate engagements with their respective island environments. The chapter considers the ways in which Campbell and Hadfield turn to the island in order to navigate complex questions of community, region, and ecology in an age of globalisation.
- Allen, N., N. Groom, and J. Smith. ‘Introduction’. Coastal Works: Cultures of the Atlantic Edge. Ed. Nicholas Allen, Nick Groom, and Jos Smith. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. 1–21.Google Scholar
- Baker, T. ‘The Lonely Island: Exile and Community in Recent Island Writing’. Community in Modern Scottish Literature. Ed. Scott Lyall. Leiden: Brill, 2016. 25–42.Google Scholar
- Benitez-Rojo, A. The Repeating Island: The Caribbean and the Postmodern Perspective. Trans. James. E. Maraniss. Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.Google Scholar
- Brannigan, J. Archipelagic Modernism: Literature in the Irish and British Isles, 1890–1970. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
- Bristow, T. The Anthropocene Lyric: An Affective Geography of Poetry, Person, Place. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.Google Scholar
- Campbell, A. Aibisidh. Edinburgh: Polygon, 2011.Google Scholar
- ———. ‘Inheriting Islands—An interview with Angus Peter Campbell’. Island Review, 2015. June 1. http://www.theislandreview.com/island-books-angus-peter-campbell. Accessed 19 July 2017.
- DeLoughrey, E. Roots and Routes. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2007.Google Scholar
- Gairn, L. Ecology and Modern Scottish Literature. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
- ———. ‘MacDiarmid and Ecology’. Edinburgh Companion to Hugh MacDiarmid. Ed. Scott Lyall and Margery Palmer McCulloch. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2011. 82–97.Google Scholar
- Hadfield, J. Nigh-No-Place. Edinburgh: Bloodaxe Books, 2008.Google Scholar
- ———. ‘Interview with the Poet Jen Hadfield: Humble, Sincere, Honest’. The Midnight Heart, 2010. September 6. http://blogs.warwick.ac.uk/zoebrigley/entry/interview_with_the. Accessed 19 July 2017.
- ———. Byssus. London: Picador, 2014.Google Scholar
- Hau’ofa, E. ‘Our Sea of Islands’. A New Oceania: Rediscovering Our Sea of Islands. Ed. Eric Waddell, Vijay Naidu, and Epeli Hau’ofa. Suva, Fiji: The University of the South Pacific, 1993. 2–17.Google Scholar
- Heise, U. Sense of Place and Sense of Planet: The Environmental Imagination of the Global. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
- Kerrigan, J. Archipelagic English: Literature, History, and Politics 1603–1707. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
- Longley, E. ‘Irish and Scottish “Island Poems”’. Northern Lights Northern Words. Selected Papers from the FRLSU Conference, Kirkwall 2009. Ed. Robert McColl Millar. Aberdeen: Forum for Research on the Languages of Scotland and Ireland, 2010. 143–61.Google Scholar
- Lyall, S. Hugh MacDiarmid’s Poetry and Politics of Place: Imagining a Scottish Republic. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
- MacDiarmid, H. The Islands of Scotland: Hebrides, Orkneys and Shetlands. London: Batsfod, 1939.Google Scholar
- ———. Selected Prose. Ed. Alan Riach. Manchester: Carcarnet, 1992.Google Scholar
- ———. Complete Poems: Volume 1. Ed. Alan Riach. Manchester: Carcanet, 1993.Google Scholar
- Mackay, P. ‘Introduction to a Reading by Angus Peter Campbell at the Pleasance, Edinburgh, on National Poetry Day’, 2012. October 4. http://www.anguspetercampbell.co.uk/angus-peter-campbell. Accessed 19 July 2017.
- Massey, D. ‘A Global Sense of Place’. Marxism Today 38:1 (1991): 24–29.Google Scholar
- Pocock, J. G. A. ‘British History: A Plea for a New Subject’. The Journal of Modern History 47:4 (1975): 601–21.Google Scholar
- ———. The Discovery of Islands: Essays in British History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.Google Scholar
- Pugh, J. ‘Island Movements: Thinking with the Archipelago’. Island Studies Journal 8:1 (2013): 9–24.Google Scholar
- Shiva, V. ‘The Greening of the Global Reach’. Global Visions: Beyond the New World Order. Ed. John Brown Childs and Jill Cutler Jeremy. Brecher. Boston: South End Press, 1993. 53–61.Google Scholar
- Stratford, E. et. al. ‘Envisioning the Archipelago’. Island Studies Journal 6:2 (2011): 113–30.Google Scholar
- Yeung, H. Spatial Engagement with Poetry. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.Google Scholar