Sonography of the Oropharynx, Hypopharynx, Larynx, and Cervical Esophagus

  • Peter JeckerEmail author


Primary tumors of the oral cavity, the tongue, the tongue base, and the larynx, as well as the hypopharynx and the proximal esophagus, can be seen by ultrasound. Although usually CT or MRI scans are necessary for correct estimation of the tumor size and for planning of surgery, the importance of ultrasound in such diseases is that it allows a rapid diagnosis, even if the tumor cannot be seen in the clinical examination. Furthermore, ultrasound of these organs is important during follow-up of patients who have had head and neck cancer because it allows the early detection of recurrent disease. Therefore, this chapter outlines methods of using ultrasound for tumor detection in these organs.


Head and neck cancer Tumor of the tongue Tumor of the tonsil Oropharyngeal tumor Larynx tumor Hypopharynx tumor Esophagus tumor 

Supplementary material

Video 7.1

Bilateral tonsillar hyperplasia (MP4 28401 kb)

Video 7.2

Cancer of the right tonsil (MP4 22660 kb)

Video 7.3

Bilateral hyperplasia of the tongue base (MP4 35893 kb)

Video 7.4

Vallecular cyst (MP4 36011 kb)

Video 7.5

Cyst of the left ventricular fold (MP4 41491 kb)

Video 7.6

Destruction of the thyroid cartilage by a malignant tumor (MP4 19949 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Plastic Head and Neck SurgeryKlinikum Bad Salzungen GmbHBad SalzungenGermany

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