Sonography of Other Neck Masses

  • Peter JeckerEmail author


It is not difficult to justify the role of ultrasound in head and neck diagnostic procedures. In most cases, ultrasound examination is required to analyze neck lymph nodes, as discussed in detail in other chapters. Ultrasound is also a very helpful tool in the differential diagnosis of other neck diseases, because different diseases are characterized by typical sonographic findings. Ultrasound is helpful to diagnose neck infections and to evaluate various solid tumors, whether located superficially or in the depth of the neck. Nevertheless, exact anatomic knowledge of different neck structures, including their sonographic appearance, is necessary to differentiate normal neck structures from pathologies. Thus it is possible to diagnose many neck diseases by their clinical and sonographic features alone, and the use of other imaging methods such as CT or MRI scan is often not needed to find the correct diagnosis.


Benign neck masses Malignant neck masses Thyroglossal cysts Branchial cysts Ectopic thyroid tissue Carotid body tumor Neurinoma Posttraumatic changes Postoperative changes 

Supplementary material

Video 6.1

Abscess next to the mandible; B-scan (MP4 10700 kb)

Video 6.2

Abscess next to the maxilla; B-scan and pulsed-wave (pw) Doppler (MP4 30961 kb)

Video 6.3

Lipoma (MP4 35158 kb)

Video 6.4

Thyroglossal fistula (MP4 19654 kb)

Video 6.5

Branchial cyst, sonopalpation (AVI 13449 kb)

Video 6.6

Thyroglossal cyst, distal and proximal to the hyoid bone (MP4 41627 kb)

Video 6.7

Carotid body tumor (MP4 56880 kb)

Video 6.8

Neurinoma (MP4 65267 kb)

Video 6.9

Jugular vein thrombosis caused by a vein catheter (MP4 46751 kb)

Video 6.10

Large postoperative seroma (MP4 38654 kb)

Video 6.11

Neopharynx after laryngectomy (MP4 11426 kb)

Video 6.12

Lymphedema of the mouth floor (MP4 31196 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Plastic Head and Neck SurgeryKlinikum Bad Salzungen GmbHBad SalzungenGermany

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