Recovery and Strength-Based Practice in Long-Term Forensic Psychiatry

  • Toon WalravensEmail author
  • Joyce Bierbooms
  • Paul Ter Horst


Increasingly, in forensic psychiatry there is a search for a more recovery-based approach, in addition to the principles of the risks-needs-responsivity (RNR) model (Andrews DA, Bonta J (2003) The psychology of criminal conduct, 3rd edn. Anderson, Cincinnati, OH) that is most commonly used in these settings. These RNR principles presume a historical high-risk profile of patients that have had several treatment attempts and are eventually identified as patients for a long-term stay in a forensic setting. Especially in units that cater for long-term forensic patients, a view towards a human-centred approach, surpassing the boundaries of treatment and therapy, is of growing interest to the people working there and the patients staying at these units. Maintaining and improving the quality of life is central and essential in the choices that are made regarding a patient’s stay at the forensic hospital, while in many cases their perspective regarding the future is situated in that very area. To be able to contribute to maximizing the quality of life in a safe environment in or supported by a long-term forensic facility, principles of recovery-based mental healthcare are at the heart of the care that is provided to these clients.


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  1. Toon Walravens Hoofdopleider/manager opleidingen Steunend Relationeel Handelen/ Strengths:
  2. Walravens Zorgadvies: www.toonwalravens

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toon Walravens
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Joyce Bierbooms
    • 3
    • 4
  • Paul Ter Horst
    • 1
  1. 1.De Woenselse Poort Forensic-Psychiatric Hospital, Geestelijke Gezondheidszorg Eindhoven en de Kempen (GGzE) – Mental Health Care Eindhoven and de KempenEindhovenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.SRH/Strenghts RINOGroupUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.GGzEEindhovenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Tilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands

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