Advertisement

Constructing One’s Self-Identity Through Food: Oscar Wilde, James Joyce and Flann O’Brien

  • Dariusz PestkaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Second Language Learning and Teaching book series (SLLT)

Abstract

Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest is substantially different from his three society comedies, as it disposes of their lofty ideas and high-flown rhetoric and replaces it with the land of relativity and ethical rebellion where traditional values are undermined by dandies. Their controversial theories are reflected not only in their conversation and way of life, it is also their clothes and meals that reveal their specific philosophy of nonconformity. In Ulysses food and meals intertwine with disparate plot strands, enhancing the major motifs and delineating the characters’ natural disposition. Like the other characters in Joyce’s novel, Leopold Bloom and Stephen Dedalus are determined by their attitude to eating habits. In Flann O’Brien’s At Swim-Two-Birds, the subject of food is introduced as early as the first sentence of the novel, where the act of chewing bread is compared with the notion of a literary project. Thus the relation of aesthetics and ethics can be viewed from three different perspectives: Post-Romantic fusion, Modernist separation, and Postmodernist promise of a renewed reconciliation, which, in reality, proves to be a fake, imaginary imitation of integrity in the contemporary, disjointed world.

References

  1. Bakhtin, M. (2000). From the prehistory of novelistic discourse. In D. Lodge (Ed.), Modern criticism and theory. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  2. Budgen, F. (1972). James Joyce and the making of “Ulysses”. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Jackson, R. (1980). Introduction. In O. Wilde (Ed.), The importance of being earnest. London: Ernest Benn Limited.Google Scholar
  4. Joyce, J. (1992). Ulysses. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  5. Joyce, J. (1976). A portrait of the artist as a young man. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  6. Kiberd, D. (1992). Introduction. In J. Joyce, Ulysses (pp. ix–lxxx). London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  7. Lawrence, K. R. (2010). Who’s afraid of James Joyce?. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.Google Scholar
  8. O’Brien, F. (2001). At swim-two-birds. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  9. Poague, L.A. (1973). The importance of being earnest—The texture of Wilde’s irony. Modern Drama, XVI, 251–257.Google Scholar
  10. Raby, P. (1988). Oscar Wilde. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Sullivan, K. (1972). Oscar Wilde. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Wilde, O. (1948). The importance of being earnest. In G. F. Maine (Ed.), The works of Oscar Wilde (pp. 321–370). London: Collins Clear Type Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nicolaus Copernicus UniversityToruńPoland

Personalised recommendations