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Bael (Aegle marmelos) Oil

  • Monika Choudhary
  • Kiran Grover
Chapter

Abstract

Bael (Aegle marmelos) known as temple garden tree has been originated from India and is also grown in most of the countries of Southeast Asia. An extensive literature has also been documented for the medicinal properties of bael. The various components viz. alkaloids, coumarins and steroids isolated from different parts of bael tree are responsible for the pharmacological action of this miraculous tree. The oil extracts and compounds purified from bael have been proven to be biologically active against several major non-communicable diseases like cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The essential oil of the leaves contains d-limonene, a-d-phellandrene, cineol, citronellal, citral, pcyrnene, and cumin aldehyde. The limonene-rich oil distilled from the rind of bael fruit is used for scenting the hair oil and used as a yellow dye in calico printing. In addition, the oil extracted from leaves gives relief from frequent cold and respiratory infections. The essential oil obtained from bael is also known to exhibit antifungal properties.

Keywords

Aegle marmelos Chemical constituents Essential oils Fatty acids 

Abbreviations

A. marmelos

Aegle marmelos

MUFA

Monounsaturated fatty acid

PUFA

Polyunsaturated fatty acid

SFA

Saturated fatty acid

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monika Choudhary
    • 1
  • Kiran Grover
    • 2
  1. 1.Punjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Home SciencePunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

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