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Fruit Oils in Kosovo: Chemistry and Functionality

  • Rr. FeriziEmail author
  • Q. Maxhuni
Chapter

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to evaluate phytochemical structure of fruit and essential oils, and their microbiological and antioxidant activities explored by several researchers in Kosovo. Those plants found in Kosovo may be a potential resource of essential oils such are P. terebinthus, S. sylvatica L., J. oxycedrus, B. officinalis (syn. Stachys officinalis), J. communis, and P. mugo Turra.

Keywords

Phytochemicals Fruits Essential oil composition Microbiological Antioxidant activity Kosovo 

Abbreviations

CAMHB

Cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton broth

CAMHB

Mueller Hinton Broth

CLSI

Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute

DMSO

Dimethyl sulfoxide

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

DPPH

2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl

EOs

Essential oils

FID

Flame ionization detector

FRAP

Ferric reduction activity potential

GC

Gas chromatography

GEO

Gene expression omnibus

HCA

Hierarchical cluster analysis

IUCN

International Union for Conservation of Nature (Red List of Threatened Species)

KI

Kovats Indices

MIC

Minimum inhibitory concentration

MRSA

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

MS

Mass spectrometer

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology

OD

Optical density

PCA

Principal component analysis

TSA

Tryptic soy agar

TTO

Tea tree oil

UAMS-1

Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus strain

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, Faculty of Medicine, Paramedical DepartmentPrishtineKosovo
  2. 2.Kosovo Institute for Nature ProtectionPrishtineKosovo

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