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Crambe abyssinica Hochst. Oil

  • Caroline Mariana de AguiarEmail author
  • Kátia Andressa Santos
  • Sílvio César Sampaio
  • Clayton Antunes Martin
Chapter

Abstract

Crambe abyssinica Hochst is an oilseed of the family Brassicaceae, rich in oil with important properties for chemical applications. It is comprised of monounsaturated fatty acids (erucic, palmitoleic, oleic, gadoleic and nervonic acids) and antioxidants like phytosterols, tocopherols, carotenoids and chlorophyll. The oil can be extracted by mechanical pressing or using organic solvents. Some studies have used supercritical carbon dioxide and subcritical propane in oil extraction, resulting in higher yields and lower degradation of minor components. The oxidative stability of vegetable oils has been attributed to the content of minor compounds and the structure of fatty acids. Due to the presence of erucic acid, crambe oil is not suitable for human consumption, but it offers great potential for the production of erucic acid, lubricants, detergents, cosmetics, surfactants, pharmaceuticals, corrosion inhibitor, polyethylene films, behenic acid, coatings, nylons, refrigerant fluid, photographic materials, and insulation fluid. In addition, this oil presents great competitiveness and advantages over other vegetable oils in the biodiesel production. Refined oils can be used in fish feed. Cake and meal can be used as protein supplements in ruminant feed, in the removal of metallic ions and pollutants in bioremediation. Therefore, knowledge and studies on the composition of inedible vegetable oils, such as crambe oil, is particularly important for stability and conservation, considering the numerous uses of this oil.

Keywords

Crambe abyssinica Fatty acids composition Antioxidants Supercritical extraction Phenolic compounds Carotenoids Chlorophyll 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline Mariana de Aguiar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kátia Andressa Santos
    • 2
  • Sílvio César Sampaio
    • 3
  • Clayton Antunes Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal Technological University of ParanaToledoBrazil
  2. 2.State University of Western ParanáToledoBrazil
  3. 3.State University of Western ParanáCascavelBrazil

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