Diamond Nanowires: Theoretical Simulation and Experiments

  • Yuan Yu
  • Jinfang ZhiEmail author
Part of the Topics in Applied Physics book series (TAP, volume 121)


The unique physicochemical properties of diamond nanowires, such as negative electron affinity, chemical inertness, high Young’s modulus, the highest hardness and room-temperature thermal conductivity, etc., have generated wide interest for their use as fillers in nanocomposites, as light detectors and emitters, as substrates for nanoelectronic devices, as tips for scanning probe microscopy as well as for sensing applications. Although theoretical comparisons with carbon nanotubes have shown that diamond nanowires are energetically and mechanically viable structures, reproducibly synthesizing the crystalline diamond nanowires has remained challenging, due to its high hardness and chemical inertness. However, many efforts have been made to realize various structures of DNWs both theoretically and experimentally. Ab initio modeling of DNW structures including dodecahedral, cubic and cylindrical shapes were theoretically studied. The density functional theory (DFT) study of the surface structure of diamond nanowires with different morphology and cross-sections were also carried out. A number of experimental results have also been reported in fabrication of DNWs with different shapes. In this chapter, we present a comprehensive, up-to-date review for the diamond nanowires, wherein we will give a discussing for their synthesis along with their structures, properties and applications both from theoretical simulation and experiments.


Diamond Nanomaterials Diamond nanowires Diamond nanorods Reactive ion etching Plasma Electron field emission Biosensor 



The authors appreciate the supports of the International Science & Technology Cooperation Program of China (no. 2013DFG50150), the Natural Foundation of Sciences of the People’s Republic of China (Grant no. 21,175,144, and 20,903,111) and the Key Project of Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2,120,002).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Atomic and Molecular ScienceShaanxi University of Science & TechnologyXi AnChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Photochemical Conversion and Optoelectronic MaterialsTechnical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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