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Regulation of Multifunctional Calcium/Calmodulin Stimulated Protein Kinases by Molecular Targeting

  • Kathryn Anne Skelding
  • John A. P. Rostas
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1131)

Abstract

Multifunctional calcium/calmodulin-stimulated protein kinases control a broad range of cellular functions in a multitude of cell types. This family of kinases contain several structural similarities and all are regulated by phosphorylation, which either activates, inhibits or modulates their kinase activity. As these protein kinases are widely or ubiquitously expressed, and yet regulate a broad range of different cellular functions, additional levels of regulation exist that control these cell-specific functions. Of particular importance for this specificity of function for multifunctional kinases is the expression of specific binding proteins that mediate molecular targeting. These molecular targeting mechanisms allow pools of kinase in different cells, or parts of a cell, to respond differently to activation and produce different functional outcomes.

Keywords

CaMKK CaMKI CaMKII CaMKIV Casein kinase I Targeting 

Abbreviations

α-KAP

αCaMKII anchoring protein

AMPK

AMP-activated protein kinase

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate

Ca2+

Calcium ions

CaM

Calmodulin

CaMK

Calcium/calmodulin stimulated protein kinases

CaMKI

Calcium/calmodulin stimulated protein kinase I

CaMKII

Calcium/calmodulin stimulated protein kinase II

CaMKIV

Calcium/calmodulin stimulated protein kinase IV

CaMKK

Calcium/calmodulin stimulated protein kinase kinase

CK1

Casein kinase 1

CLK2

CDC-like kinase 2

GSK-3

Glycogen synthase kinase 3

PKA

cAMP-dependent protein kinase

PKB

Protein kinase B; Akt

PSD

Post-synaptic density

S

Serine

T

Threonine

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathryn Anne Skelding
    • 1
    • 2
  • John A. P. Rostas
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Priority Research Centre for Cancer Research, Innovation and Translation, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and MedicineThe University of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia
  2. 2.Hunter Medical Research InstituteNew Lambton HeightsAustralia
  3. 3.Priority Research Centre for Brain and Mental Health, and Priority Research Centre for Stroke and Brain Injury, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and MedicineThe University of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia

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