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Design and Realization of Testbeds for Security Research in the Industrial Internet of Things

  • Nils Ole TippenhauerEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications book series (ASTSA)

Abstract

Research on the (cyber) security of industrial control systems requires holistic understanding of practical systems in the field. In particular, important differences to IT security scenarios are related to industrial networking protocols and programming languages such as ladder logic. Arguably, access to realistic testbeds with physical process and related controls would enable researchers to understand the scenarios better, to develop attacks, and test countermeasures. While the implementation of such testbeds presents significant investments and efforts, the implementation process itself is often not discussed in literature. In this chapter, we discuss the design and realization of such industrial control system testbeds for security research. In particular, we discuss a process in which testbeds are designed by security researchers to resemble existing (and future) plants, and are then implemented by commercial system integrators using industry’s best practises. As use cases, we provide details on design decisions, cost, and outcomes for three testbeds established at the Singapore University of Technology and Design.

Keywords

Testbed design ICS security IIoT security Applied security 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Many people were involved at SUTD in the design, procurement, and operation of the testbeds. Most importantly, Aditya Mathur was responsible for the initial vision and overall leadership of the project. Ivan Lee, Mark Goh, and Angie Ng from iTrust additionally supported the process from the admin side. Writing of the SWaT process requirement documents was supported by Giedre Sabaliauskaite, while the WADI process was designed together with Stefano Galelli. Gareth Thomas acted as consultant on both water testbeds. The three testbeds were funded by grants awarded by the National Research Foundation of Singapore, the Singaporean Ministry of Defence, and the International Design Center at SUTD.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CISPA Helmholtz Center for Information SecuritySaarbrückenGermany

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