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Physical Therapy

  • Shamard CharlesEmail author
  • Alexios G. Carayannopoulos
  • Amanda Markow
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter will provide a brief overview of physical therapy, including historical perspectives, uses and indications, evidence for efficacy, and recommended reading, with emphasis placed on pain education, cost-effective treatment options, and the interdisciplinary approach.

Keywords

Pain perception Neuropathic pain Manipulation Microcurrent stimulation Biopsychosocial model Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation Rhythmic stabilization training Combination of isotonic exercises 

Recommended Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shamard Charles
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alexios G. Carayannopoulos
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Amanda Markow
    • 7
  1. 1.Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, NBC News GroupNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationRhode Island HospitalProvidenceUSA
  3. 3.Comprehensive Spine Center: Rhode Island HospitalProvidenceUSA
  4. 4.Newport HospitalNewportUSA
  5. 5.Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  6. 6.American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians, Rhode Island ChapterPaducahUSA
  7. 7.New York Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist HospitalNew YorkUSA

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