Radiation Safety

  • Chong H. KimEmail author
  • Torin Walters
  • Vikram B. Patel


Fluoroscopy is a technique that provides real-time X-ray imaging that is especially useful for guiding a variety of diagnostic and interventional procedures. However, the use of fluoroscopy is not with risks. Radiation from the use of fluoroscopy can cause numerous side effects. As a result, knowledge of the risks and safety practices are necessary to ensure an optimal patient care environment. The goal of radiation safety in the use of fluoroscopy should minimize radiation to the physician, staff, and the patient.


Radiation safety Radiation shielding Radiation dose Fluoroscopy Fluoroscopically guided procedures Radiation risk X-ray protection 

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Meisinger QC, Stahl CM, Andre MP, Kinney TB, Isabel G. Radiation protection for the fluoroscopy operator and staff. Am J Roentgenol. 2016;207(4):745–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rathmell J. Atlas of image-guided interventions in regional anesthesia and pain medicine. Chapter 3. Radiation safety. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chong H. Kim
    • 1
    Email author
  • Torin Walters
    • 2
  • Vikram B. Patel
    • 3
  1. 1.MetroHealth/Case Western Reserve University, Department of PM&RClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyJoan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University, Senior Partner Radiology IncHuntingtonUSA
  3. 3.Phoenix Interventional Center for Advanced LearningAlgonquinUSA

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