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Opioids for Chronic Non-cancer Pain

  • Jason E. Pope
  • Timothy R. Deer
Chapter

Abstract

Chronic opioid therapy, and specifically its access, has undergone dramatic swings over the last 30 years, with little focus on the data until recently. There is a clear focus on minimizing opioid initiation and employing opioid mitigating treatments. In this chapter, we review the current guideline statements regarding safe prescribing and discuss their role on the non-cancer-related patient.

Keywords

CDC recommendations Non-cancer pain Compliance testing 

Recommended Reading

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    Han B, Compton W, et al. Non-medical prescription opioid use and use disorders among adults aged 18 through 64 years in the United States, 2003-2013. JAMA. 2015;314(4):1468–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Levy RM. Neuromodulation: the “not-so-hidden” cure for the opioid crisis. Neuromodulation. 2017;20:519–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Sharan AD, Riley J, Falowski S, Pope JE, et al. Association of opioid usage with spinal cord stimulation outcomes. Pain Med. 2017;0:1–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason E. Pope
    • 1
  • Timothy R. Deer
    • 2
  1. 1.Evolve Restorative CenterSanta RosaUSA
  2. 2.The Spine and Nerve Center of the VirginiasCharlestonUSA

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