Spatiotemporal Dynamics of a Class of Models Describing Infectious Diseases
In this chapter, we propose and analyze a class of three spatiotemporal models describing infectious diseases caused by viruses such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The first model with cellular immunity, the second with humoral immunity and the third with cellular and humoral immune responses. In the three proposed models, the disease transmission process is modeled by a general incidence function which includes several forms existing in the literature. In addition, the global analysis of the proposed models is rigorously investigated. Furthermore, biological findings of our analytical results are presented. Moreover, mathematical virus models and results presented in many previous studies are extended and generalized.
KeywordsVirus dynamics Immunity Diffusion Lyapunov functional Global stability
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