Ethnic/Racial Identity as a Moderator of the Relationship Between Discrimination and Adolescent Outcomes



Ethnic/racial identity, a multidimensional concept, broadly captures how youth think and feel about being a member of their ethnic/racial group and has been linked to many positive outcomes for minority youth (Rivas-Drake et al. Child Dev 85:77–102, 2014; Smith & Silva, J Couns Psychol 58(1):42–60, 2011). As adolescents simultaneously encounter experiences of discrimination from proximal and distal sources during this crucial developmental time span, aspects of ethnic/racial identity may buffer or exacerbate various outcomes. This chapter explores current research on how developmental and social conceptualizations of ethnic/racial identity moderate the relationships between discrimination and academic and mental and physical health outcomes among minority adolescents.


Academic outcomes Adolescents African American Anxiety Asian American Depressive symptoms Ethnic identity Ethnic discrimination Externalizing behaviors Health behaviors Latinx Mental health Physical health Racial identity Racial discrimination School engagement Self-esteem 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities ServiceMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Fordham UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Human Development and Family Studies, Michigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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