LGBQ Youth and Sexual Minority-Related Prejudice: Expanding Our Conceptualization

  • Alison J. Chrisler
  • Elizabeth G. Holman


Biases from family members and the community that are directed toward the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) community can negatively affect LGBQ youth’s well-being. Family rejection, for example, can lead to internalized homophobia and negative sense of identity among LGBQ youth (Willoughby, Doty, & Malik, 2010). This study focuses on LGBQ youth’s perceived prejudices from within their family and community and how these biases changed over time. Using a queer cultural lens and resiliency framework, the authors analyzed the narratives from a focus group of LGBQ youth. Findings from this study suggest that LGBQ youth commonly reported a variety of biases and prejudices from their family and community. The most common bias included pressures of heteronormativity (e.g., gender expectations and performance). Youth also reported an initial lack of acceptance from their family and community after coming out, such as individuals questioning their LGBQ identity. Additionally, LGBQ youth who reported levels of prejudice from their community most often lived in a rural town. Over time, LGBQ youth reported feeling more accepted by family members, primarily parents. However, LGBQ youth still experienced various types of prejudice from their community. Therefore, this study opens the door for future empirical work that examines how parents can foster acceptance within their communities, which in the end, creates a more supportive environment for their LGBQ youth.


Coming out Conditional acceptance of LGBQ youth Family of LGBQ youth Family rejection Grounded theory LGBQ LGBQ youth wellbeing Minority stress theory Parents of LGBQ youth Parent-child relationship Parental concealment of identity Sexual minority Sexual minority-related prejudice Stereotyping Youth 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alison J. Chrisler
    • 1
  • Elizabeth G. Holman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Health Studies, American UniversityWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.Human Development and Family StudiesBowling Green State UniversityBowling GreenUSA

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