Iran’s Nuclear Programme: A Triumph of Diplomacy
Iran’s resumption of uranium enrichment-related activities and its suspension of cooperation with the IAEA led to the Security Council sanctions on the country. Simultaneously, China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States and Germany, the “P5+1”, supported by the European Union, called for negotiations. In 2009, the United States reviewed its policy towards Iran. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon maintained that the onus was on the Iranian side, to fully cooperate and to prove the peaceful nature of its nuclear programme. In 2015, the P5+1 countries and Iran reached a comprehensive solution to the Iranian nuclear issue, a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), endorsed by the Security Council. Ban Ki-moon welcomed the agreement as a triumph of diplomacy and cooperation over confrontation and mistrust.