Space Closure

  • Padhraig Fleming
  • Jadbinder Seehra
Part of the BDJ Clinician’s Guides book series (BDJCG)


Orthodontic space closure usually follows overbite reduction and may accompany overjet reduction. The magnitude of space closure obviously relates to the pre-existing malocclusion, space requirements and extraction decisions. Furthermore, the degree of crowding and approach to alleviating this during earlier treatment stages has a bearing on the amount of residual space with discipline in relation to space closure and avoidance of inadvertent round tripping earlier in treatment minimising the amount of space closure required later in treatment. Conversely, where anchorage is at a premium, it may be important to preserve space early in treatment until anchorage management mechanics including inter-arch elastics can be used to direct space closure.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Padhraig Fleming
    • 1
  • Jadbinder Seehra
    • 2
  1. 1.Orthodontics DepartmentQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of OrthodonticsKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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