Advertisement

Space Closure

  • Padhraig Fleming
  • Jadbinder Seehra
Chapter
Part of the BDJ Clinician’s Guides book series (BDJCG)

Abstract

Orthodontic space closure usually follows overbite reduction and may accompany overjet reduction. The magnitude of space closure obviously relates to the pre-existing malocclusion, space requirements and extraction decisions. Furthermore, the degree of crowding and approach to alleviating this during earlier treatment stages has a bearing on the amount of residual space with discipline in relation to space closure and avoidance of inadvertent round tripping earlier in treatment minimising the amount of space closure required later in treatment. Conversely, where anchorage is at a premium, it may be important to preserve space early in treatment until anchorage management mechanics including inter-arch elastics can be used to direct space closure.

References

  1. Dixon V, Read MJ, O Brien KD, Worthington HV, Mandall NA. A randomized clinical trial to compare three methods of orthodontic space closure. J Orthod. 2002;29(1):31–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Kusy RP. A review of contemporary archwires: their properties and characteristics. Angle Orthod. 1997;67(3):197–207.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Manhartsberger C, Seidenbusch W. Force delivery of Ni-Ti coil springs. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 1996;109(1):8–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Nightingale C, Jones SP. A clinical investigation of force delivery systems for orthodontic space closure. J Orthod. 2003;30(3):229–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ren Y, Maltha JC, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM. Optimum force magnitude for orthodontic tooth movement: a systematic literature review. Angle Orthod. 2003;73(1):86–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Samuels RH, Orth M, Rudge SJ, Mair LH. A comparison of the rate of space closure using a nickel-titanium spring and an elastic module: a clinical study. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 1993;103(5):464–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Samuels RH, Rudge SJ, Mair LH. A clinical study of space closure with nickel-titanium closed coil springs and an elastic module. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 1998;114(1):73–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Padhraig Fleming
    • 1
  • Jadbinder Seehra
    • 2
  1. 1.Orthodontics DepartmentQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of OrthodonticsKing’s College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations