Advertisement

Wind and Photovoltaic Energy Availability and Its Cost Estimation for Tangier Region

  • Lamyae MelloukEmail author
  • Khalid Zine-Dine
  • Mohamed Boulmalf
  • Abdessadek Aaroud
  • Driss Benhaddou
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 912)

Abstract

This work presents methodology and results used to estimate both wind and solar energies availability and their cost. The objective is to analyze the potential of these two major sources of alternative energy in Tangier region and to show their ability to replace fossil fuel energy sources especially for remote areas and agriculture applications. Thus, energy availability and its cost for these technologies are determined based on meteorological data, and their engineering and technical characteristics. The obtained results provide the hourly average energy production (in kWh) and its cost (in USD/kWh) for a maximum designed power output of 5 kW for each technology and for each month in the year. Thus, these results show that energy production cost is ranging between 0.01 and 0.3 USD/kWh for solar energy using photovoltaic panels and it is ranging between 0.05 and 0.35 USD/kWh for wind energy using wind turbines with rated power equals to 1 kW. Results of this work could be used as data estimation reference for engineering and research works related to renewable energy applications in the studied region.

Keywords

Photovoltaic energy Wind energy Energy availability Cost estimation 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Financial and Technical support of the “Université Internationale de Rabat (UIR)- TIC LAb” is gratefully acknowledged.

References

  1. 1.
    Access to electricity (% of population)-Data. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.ELC.ACCS.ZS
  2. 2.
    Chakrabarti, S., Chakrabarti, S.: Rural electrification programme with solar energy in remote region–a case study in an island. Energy Policy 30(1), 33–42 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dagnachew, A.G., Lucas, P.L., Hof, A.F., Gernaat, D.E.H.J., de Boer, H.-S., van Vuuren, D.P.: The role of decentralized systems in providing universal electricity access in Sub-Saharan Africa – a model-based approach. Energy 139, 184–195 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Javidsharifi, M., Niknam, T., Aghaei, J., Mokryani, G.: Multi-objective short-term scheduling of a renewable-based microgrid in the presence of tidal resources and storage devices. Appl. Energy 216(15), 367–381 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Choukri, K., Naddami, A., Hayani, S.: Renewable energy in emergent countries: lessons from energy transition in Morocco. Energy Sustain Soc. 7, 25 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-017-0131-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moore, L.M., Post, H.N.: Five years of operating experience at a large, utility-scale photovoltaic generating plant. Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 16, 249–259 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yang, C.: Reconsidering solar grid parity. Energy Policy 38, 3270–3273 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gökçek, M., Genç, M.S.: Evaluation of electricity generation and energy cost of wind energy conversion systems (WECSs) in Central Turkey. Appl. Energy 86, 2731–2739 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Branker, K., Pathak, M.J.M., Pearce, J.M.: A review of solar photovoltaic levelized cost of electricity. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 15, 4470–4482 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ortegon, K., Nies, L.F., Sutherland, J.W.: Preparing for end of service life of wind turbines. J. Clean. Prod. 39, 191–199 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Blanco, M.I.: The economics of wind energy. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 13, 1372–1382 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nelson, D.B., Nehrir, M.H., Wang, C.: Technical note, unit sizing and cost analysis of stand-alone hybrid wind/PV/fuel cell power generation systems. Renew. Energy 31, 1641–1656 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shaahid, S.M., El-Amin, I.: Techno-economic evaluation of off-grid hybrid photovoltaic–diesel–battery power systems for rural electrification in Saudi Arabia—a way forward for sustainable development. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 13, 625–633 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hammons, T.J.: Integrating renewable energy sources into European grids. Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. 30(8), 462–475 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lamyae Mellouk
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Khalid Zine-Dine
    • 2
  • Mohamed Boulmalf
    • 1
  • Abdessadek Aaroud
    • 2
  • Driss Benhaddou
    • 3
  1. 1.FIL, TIC LabUniversité Internationale de RabatRabatMorocco
  2. 2.Faculty of Sciences, LAROSERI LabEl JadidaMorocco
  3. 3.University of HoustonHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations