Advertisement

Experimental Study of the Impact of Drying Parameters on Dandelion Root by a Solar Dryer

  • Haytem MoussaouiEmail author
  • Hamza Lamsyehe
  • Ali Idlimam
  • Abdelkader Lamharrar
  • Mounir Kouhila
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 912)

Abstract

The proliferation of microorganisms, as well as the development of various chemical reactions, are the main causes behind the deterioration of the product. Both are caused by the quantity of water held within food. The following study aims at modelling the drying process and optimizing its conditions of use, as well as analyzing the interaction between the factors based on experiments, statistical calculations, and analysis. The drying kinetics of Dandelion root were carried out in an indirect active solar dryer with a separate solar collector and a drying unit. Drying is a process engineering operation that involves the removal of free water and some of the bound water without affecting the chemical structure in such a way as to lighten the weight and minimize the risks of many unwanted chemical transformations. To perform this procedure we use a technique based on solar energy, called solar drying forced convection, which requires sufficient sunlight to give a radiant energy to insulator in order to heat the air sucked by the fan. The modelling of the solar dryer is done in several methods, the plans of experiments, is one of these methods, based on statistical and experimental studies. This work is devoted to optimization of solar dryer setting parameters for plants. The outcome is a model that helps to analyze the impact of the drying parameters on the response, which is the time of drying. A determination of factors that affect the response in order to analyze their impact on the response.

Keywords

Solar energy Drying parameters Semi-empirical models Dandelion root Full factorial design 

References

  1. 1.
    Ibrahim, D.: Renewable energy and sustainable development: a crucial review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 4, 157–175 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Michael, T., Murray, N.D.: Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion). In: Pizzorno, J.E., Murray, M.T. (Eds.) Textbook of Natural Medicine. Churchill Livingstone (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chiusoli, A., Goidanich, G., Taddei, I.: Segreti e VirtùdellePianteMedicinali. Selezione dal reader’s digest; Ristampa edizione (Chapter Tarassaco) (1980)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Escudero, N.L., De Arellano, M.L., Fernández, S., Albarracín, G., Mucciarelli, S.: Taraxacum officinale as a food source. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. 3, 1–10 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Martinez, M., Poirrier, P., Chamy, R., Prüfer, D., Schulze-Gronover, C., Jorquera, L., Ruiz, G.: J. Ethnopharmacol. 169(3), 244–262 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    VijayaVenkataRaman, S., Iniyan, S., Goic, R.: A review of solar drying technologies. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 16, 2652–2670 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ali, I., Abdelkader, L., El Houssayne, B., Mohamed, K., El Khadir, L.: Solar convective drying in thin layers and modelling of municipal waste. Appl. Therm. Eng. 108, 41–47 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Safa, M., Mourad, O., Nadia, H., Lamyae, L., Ali, I., Mostafa, M.: Drying characteristics and kinetics solar drying of Moroccan rosemary. Renew. Energy 108, 303–310 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Emerson, R.W., Cavazzuti, M.: Deterministic optimization, Optimization Methods: From Theory to Design Scientific and Technological Aspects in Mechanics (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Atungulu, G.G., Olatunde, G.A.: Assessment of new in-bin drying and storage technology for soybean seed. Drying Technol. 4, 383–399 (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Aït Aghzzaf, A., Rhouta, B., Rocca, E., Khalil, A., Caillet, C., Hakkou, R.: Heptanoic acid adsorption on grafted palygorskite and its application as controlled release corrosion inhibitor of steel. Mater. Chem. Phys. 148, 335–342 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lundstedt, T., Seifert, E., Abramo, L., Thelin, B., Nystrom, A., Peterson, J., Bergman, R.: Expiremental design and optimization. Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst. 42, 3–40 (1998)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haytem Moussaoui
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hamza Lamsyehe
    • 1
  • Ali Idlimam
    • 1
  • Abdelkader Lamharrar
    • 1
  • Mounir Kouhila
    • 1
  1. 1.Team of Solar Energy and Medicinal Plants (EESPAM), Teacher’s Training CollegeCadi Ayyad UniversityMarrakeshMorocco

Personalised recommendations